Atrial Fibrillation (AF) represents a major cause of mortality and morbidity in older people; however, oldest-old frail patients are usually excluded from clinical trials. Aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy on long-term overall survival and clinically relevant bleedings in a large cohort of hospitalised frail, oldest-old patients with AF.
Prospective, observational, cohort study, evaluating patients consecutively hospitalized for acute illnesses in our Geriatrics Unit (January 2013-July 2017). Participants were divided in two groups, AF and sinus rhythm (SR). Besides recording demographic characteristics and clinical history, comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) was obtained.
AF patients [1808/5093 (35.5%), 58.5% women] were older, with higher burden of comorbidity than those with SR. At discharge, HAS-BLED [OR 0.77 (95%CI 0.67-0.90), cognitive impairment [OR 0.92 (95%CI 0.90-0.95)], malnutrition [OR 0.74 (95%CI 0.57-0.97)] and CHA2DS2VASc [OR 1.33 (95%CI 1.20-1.47)] emerged as significant independent predictors of anticoagulant prescription. AF patients showed significantly reduced overall survival (OS) than those with SR (11.4 vs 19.4 months, p<.001). However, anticoagulated AF patients (75.2%) had three-times longer OS than those not anticoagulated (15.0 vs 5.6 months, p<.001), comparable to SR patients after adjustment for potential confounders [HR 1.04 (95%CI 0.99-1.10)]. ED readmittance risk for clinically relevant bleeding did not differ between AF patients receiving or not anticoagulation [HR 1.04 (95%CI 0.76-1.14)] CONCLUSION: anticoagulation therapy was associated with significant increase of long-term OS without increased risk of clinically relevant bleeding. CGA resulted an useful tool in OAC therapy decision-making.