For chronic diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS), real-world evidence on long-term treatment outcomes is essential. The study aimed to provide long-term data on the safety and effectiveness of natalizumab in patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) treated in a routine care setting in Greece.
TOPICS Greece was a multicenter, single-country, prospective 5-year observational study.
Between 19-Apr-2012 and 18-Dec-2014, 304 eligible adults [females: 63.2%; median age at natalizumab initiation: 38.0 years; median disease duration: 6.2 years; median Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score at baseline: 3.5] were enrolled in the study by 20 hospital-based neurologists. The 1-year annualized relapse rate (ARR) before treatment initiation was 1.859, while the ARR during the first year of treatment was 0.131, representing a significant 93% reduction (p < 0.001). The ARR over the median treatment period of 59.4 months was 0.109. Patients with ≤1 relapse in the pre-natalizumab year (46.1%) and those having received ≤1 prior disease-modifying therapy (57.9%) displayed significantly lower on-natalizumab ARR. The 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-year cumulative probabilities of EDSS progression were 3.2, 6.2, 9.7, 13.4, and 17.4%, respectively; the respective probabilities of EDSS disability improvement were 18.3, 25.1, 27.4, 28.0, and 30.1%. Over a median safety data collection period of 48.7 months, 4.6% of the patients experienced ≥ 1 serious adverse event, with infections (reported in 1.0%) being the most common.
In real-world settings in Greece, natalizumab displayed beneficial long-term effects on disease activity and disability progression consistent with previous studies with no new serious safety signals emerging.

© 2021. The Author(s).