To assess the long-term effectiveness of a treat-and-extend (T&E) anti-vascular endothelial growth factor regimen in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration who remain on T&E and those switched from once-monthly (OM) dosing to T&E (OM-T&E).
In this 12-month extension of the 2-year CANTREAT study, patients received intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg in a T&E regimen. Main outcome measures included mean change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline and from month 24 to month 36; percentages of patients who gained ≥5, ≥10, or ≥15 Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters or lost ≥5, ≥10, or ≥15 letters from baseline and from month 24 to month 36; and number of injections administered from baseline and from month 24 to month 36 for both groups.
Of the 139 patients (73 T&E, 66 OM-T&E) in the extension, 121 (68 T&E, 53 OM-T&E) completed 36 months. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) BCVA changes from baseline to the extension last visit (month 33-36) were +6.6 (11.4) letters in the T&E group and +4.8 (14.3) letters in the OM-T&E group, representing maintenance of 24-month gains. The mean (SD) numbers of injections during the extension were 7.3 (2.7) for T&E and 7.1 (2.8) for OM-T&E.
These findings suggest that after 36 months of treatment, the mean BCVA improvement achieved at 24 months is maintained for both the patients exclusively treated with the T&E regimen and those that switched to T&E after 24 months in the OM regimen.

The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.