Endoscopic follow-up after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) sometime reveals worrisome findings as the presence of major digestive lesions such as esophagitis, Barrett’s esophagus (BE), and also esophageal cancer.
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and severity of esophageal and gastric lesions after SG.
Our team collected the results of esogastric endoscopies performed on patients who underwent SG up to five years before in our hospital, from April 2010 to August 2014. Summons were sent by mail to all patients operated on between those dates. The results were collected from January 2018 to June 2019.
Of the 765 patients who underwent SG up to five years before, only 78 (10.2%) agreed to undergo an upper digestive endoscopy. The average age before surgery was 51 years (range: 25-70 years). The mean preoperative body mass index (BMI) was 44.2±4.6kg/m. For 12 out of these 78 patients (15.4%) it was revisional surgery: 9 SG after gastric banding, and 3 revisional SG (Re-SG). With an average follow-up of 6.3±0.8 years, the endoscopic results of the 78 patients were found to be normal in 31 cases (39.7%): gastritis was found in 28 patients (35.9%), severe grade C or D esophagitis was found in 15 cases (19.2%), hiatal hernia in 18 cases (23.1%), a benign gastric polyp in 2 cases (2.6%). Of the 28 patients with gastritis, HelicobacterPylori was detected in 8 cases (28.6%). No cancer was diagnosed, and BE after SG was found in only one case (1.3%) (normal before surgery). Six of 15 patients with esophagitis (40%) had reflux symptoms. Fourteen of these patients (93.3%) developed de novo esophagitis.
Only 10.2% of operated patients agreed to a long-term esogastric endoscopy. The frequency and severity of endoscopic anomalies observed with an average follow-up of more than 6 years pleads for a policy of systematic upper endoscopies of long-term control after SG.
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