We report on a retrospective cohort of 50 cases of three-ligament tenodesis for scapholunate instability. Fifteen cases (30% of our cohort) needed salvage surgery (11 proximal row carpectomies, 2 partial and 2 total wrist fusions) at an average of 33 months and are considered “failures”. Of the 35 remaining cases (“success”), 16 (32% of our cohort) were reviewed at average 111 months and had good functional outcomes (QuickDASH 18/100, PRWE 11/100, pain 1/10, satisfaction 9/10). Return to work was 81% and grip strength was 80% of the opposite side. Radiological review found no significant correction in the short-term: scapholunate angle (SLA) from 72° to 69° (p = 0.544), scapholunate distance (SLD) from 3.4 mm to 3.4 mm (p = 0.833) and radiolunate angle (RLA) from 17° to 13° (p = 0.253). A significant deterioration in SLA from 72° to 80° (p = 0.014), not correlated to function, was seen at final follow-up. Radiographic progression to wrist degeneration was seen in 63% of successful cases. In failed cases, we noticed inferior radiographic parameters in the short-term: SLD of 4.6 mm in failed versus 3.4 mm in successful cases (p = 0.038) and RLA of 22° in failed versus 13° in successful cases (p = 0.046). Complication rate was 10% (2 scaphoid necroses, 1 septic arthritis and 2 complex regional pain syndromes). Despite radiological deterioration of SLA and development of degeneration in most cases, three-ligament tenodesis can give satisfactory wrist function in some patients, but we observed a significant number of failures and a high complication rate. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.