A retrospective cohort study was performed on 1724 consecutive patients who underwent non-emergency PCI for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), unstable and stable angina. The primary outcomes measured were stroke or TIA, myocardial infarction (MI) and all-cause death.
Upon mean follow-up of 3.71 (SD 0.97) years, 70 (4.1%) had subsequent ischaemic stroke or TIA, and they were more likely to present with NSTEMI (50 [71.4%] vs 892 [54.0%], OR 2.13 [1.26-3.62], p = 0.004) and not stable angina (19 [27.1%] vs 648 [39.2%], OR 0.58 [0.34-0.99]). Femoral access was associated with subsequent stroke or TIA compared to radial access (OR 2.10 [1.30-3.39], p < 0.002). Previous stroke/TIA was associated with subsequent stroke/TIA (p < 0.001), death (p < 0.001) and MI (p = 0.002). Furthermore, subsequent stroke/TIA was significantly associated with subsequent MI (p = 0.006), congestive cardiac failure (CCF) (p = 0.008) and death (p < 0.001).
In patients undergoing non-emergency PCI, previous stroke/TIA predicted post-PCI ischaemic stroke/TIA, which was associated with death, MI, CCF.
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