To evaluate the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion (MP) imaging during contrast stress echocardiography (cSE) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD).
A search in PubMed, Embase databases, and the Cochrane library was conducted through May 2019. The Cochran Q statistic and the I2 statistic were used to assess heterogeneity, and the results were analysed by RevMan V5.3 and Stata V15.1 software. Twelve studies (seven dipyridamole and five exercise/dobutamine) without evidence of patient overlap (same institution publishing results over a similar time period) enrolling 5953 subjects (47% female, 8-80 months of follow-up) were included in the analysis. In all studies, total adverse cardiovascular events were defined as either cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (NFMI), or need for urgent revascularization. Hazard ratios (HRs) revealed that a MP abnormality [pooled HR 4.75; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.47-9.14] was a higher independent predictor of total events than abnormal wall motion (WM, pooled HR 2.39; 95% CI 1.58-3.61) and resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, pooled HR 1.92; 95% CI 1.44-2.55) with significant subgroup differences (P = 0.002 compared with abnormal WM and 0.01 compared with abnormal LVEF). Abnormal MP was associated with higher risks for death [Risk ratio (RR) 5.24; 95% CI 2.91-9.43], NFMI (RR 3.09; 95% CI 1.84-5.21), and need for coronary revascularization (RR 16.44; 95% CI 6.14-43.99).
MP analysis during stress echocardiography is an effective prognostic tool in patients with known or suspected CAD and provides incremental value over LVEF and WM in predicting clinical outcomes.

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