Long-term results after semiconstrained distal radioulnar joint arthroplasty: A focus on complications.
Arthroplasty of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) using a semiconstrained DRUJ implant yields good outcomes according to the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the subjective, clinical and radiographic outcomes with a special focus on complications in nine patients with a mean follow-up of 6 years and to compare them with our previously published 3-year follow-up results. No subjective or objective changes were seen between the 3-year and the 6-year follow-up. In the previous study, one implant loosening and two irritations of the superficial branch of the radial nerve occurred. We saw three complications that needed surgery in addition to the three complications already found 3 years after surgery. One patient with a large ulna had loosening of the cemented ulnar stem and therefore the prosthesis was explanted. One patient had an allergic reaction to the metal alloy of the prosthesis, which also led to removal. One patient had an ulnar impaction syndrome caused by too-distal placement of the implant that needed revision. Prior studies reported low complication rates. In our study, six complications occurred in four out of nine patients, requiring reoperation including two revisions and two implant removals. A precise surgical technique is mandatory to avoid the otherwise frequent complications and potential implant failures.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.