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Louisa May Alcott and Hospital Sketches: An Innovative Approach to Gender and Nursing Professionalization.

Louisa May Alcott and Hospital Sketches: An Innovative Approach to Gender and Nursing Professionalization.
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Choperena Armendáriz A, Fairman J,


Choperena Armendáriz A, Fairman J, (click to view)

Choperena Armendáriz A, Fairman J,

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Journal of advanced nursing 2017 11 23() doi 10.1111/jan.13510
Abstract
AIM
To show the development of an emerging nursing profession through the eyes of Louisa May Alcott and Hospital Sketches.

BACKGROUND
In Hospital Sketches, Louisa May Alcott recounts her experiences when she worked as a nurse of injured soldiers during the American Civil War, in an autobiographically and masked-referential way, which allows her to negotiate between transgression and convention. Unlike other reviews, in this paper the relevance of nursing remains highlighted.

DESIGN
Discussion paper.

DATA SOURCES
Existing literature on data bases, history books and our own reading of facts.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING
Illuminating overlooked meanings hidden in nurses’ personal sources enables to approach their contribution to history, improve their visibility and project the future of nursing. Nursing care, whether domestic or professional, was and remains a catalyst for change.

CONCLUSION
Through Alcott’s words we understand the transition of nursing care as a gradual extension of the middle class woman’s domestic role and a progressive definition of nurses’ identity. In particular, we highlight how certain professional nursing nuances which appear in the text are compatible with the gradual extension of the boundaries of women’s domesticity. Furthermore, Alcott’s use of literary devices reveals the delicate balance between women’s domestic role and some new nursing professional features, which anticipates nursing professionalization. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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