Tumor size, inflammation, and nutritional status may be correlated with the immune response to cancer. Our hypothesis is that there is an interrelationship among tumor size, inflammatory response, and body mass index (BMI), and that these variables could alter T-lymphocyte infiltration in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). A retrospective cohort of 91 surgical LSCC patients treated at a Brazilian National Cancer Reference Center was followed for 5 years. We collected data regarding BMI, clinical factors, patients’ lifestyle, C-reactive protein, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR). Data were obtained in the medical records within a maximum interval of 7 days before surgery. The stromal and intratumoral CD4 and CD8 T-cell infiltrations were obtained by immunohistochemistry. Our results demonstrated a significant correlation among tumor size and BMI, NLR, PLR, and LMR. Similarly, PLR and LMR were significantly correlated with BMI. Tumor size and inflammatory parameters were not associated with changes in T-cell infiltrations. However, patients with low BMIs had a significantly lower density of intratumoral CD4 T lymphocytes infiltrated when compared with normal/high BMI patients (odds ratio, 0.14; 95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.58; P = .007). CD8 T-lymphocyte infiltration did not change in low-BMI patients. In conclusion, we observed a correlation among tumor size, inflammation, and BMI. Tumor size/inflammation axis may be responsible for the change in BMI and, therefore, may have influenced the reduction of intratumoral CD4 T-lymphocyte infiltration in LSCC patients.
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