International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2018 04 10() doi 10.1002/ijgo.12505
To assess whether women with HIV who had low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) on cytology had cervical disease.
The present retrospective cross-sectional study included data from women with LSIL who attended a tertiary hospital in South Africa between April 1, 2003, and December 31, 2013. Patient information was extracted from a colposcopy database.
The study included 652 patients. The median age was 36 years (interquartile range [IQR] 31-42 years; range 18-66 years) and the median parity was three (IQR 2-5; range 0-10). In all, 266 (40.8%) women had a histology result of HPV or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (CIN1); 386 (59.2%) had a histology result of CIN2 or higher. The median cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count was 275.00 cells/mm (IQR 173.50-434.00 cells/mm ; range 2-1211 cells/mm ). A total of 312 (47.9%) women were using antiretroviral therapy. Use of antiretroviral therapy (unadjusted odds ratio 0.57; P=0.001) and a CD4 count of at least 200 cells/mm (unadjusted odds ratio 0.81; P=0.002) were associated with a histology result of HPV or CIN1.
Most of the women with a cytology report of LSIL had CIN2 or higher, suggesting that the practice of referral for colposcopy should continue. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.