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Macular assessment of preoperative optical coherence tomography in ageing Chinese undergoing routine cataract surgery.

Macular assessment of preoperative optical coherence tomography in ageing Chinese undergoing routine cataract surgery.
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Huang X, Zhang Z, Wang J, Meng X, Chen T, Wu Z,


Huang X, Zhang Z, Wang J, Meng X, Chen T, Wu Z, (click to view)

Huang X, Zhang Z, Wang J, Meng X, Chen T, Wu Z,

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Scientific reports 2018 03 238(1) 5103 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-22807-7
Abstract

This retrospective consecutive case series aimed to evaluate spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for occult macular disease recognition preoperatively in patients scheduled for routine cataract surgery. All patients scheduled for cataract surgery underwent macular SD-OCT. Scans were reviewed for retinal, retinal pigment epithelium and vitreomacular interface abnormalities. For the subgroup analysis, the following information was collected: age; sex; and diabetes, hypertension, myopia, glaucoma, post intra-ocular surgery, endophotocoagulation, retinal vasculopathy and uveitis statuses. One-thousand-one-hundred-seventy-six consecutive scans were acquired from 1,176 patients. Macular pathology was found in 294 eyes. The most common macular disorders were an epiretinal membrane (n = 130), myopia atrophy (n = 61) and a dome-shaped macular with pathologic myopia (n = 32). One-hundred-thirty eyes (11.05%) presented macular epiretinal membranes not detected by dilated fundus examination, accounting for 44.22% of the abnormalities in diseased eyes and was higher than in previous Chinese studies. Some had multiple macular disorders. The most common ocular history was myopia, including high myopia. The pooled prevalence rate of macular diseases detected by OCT was 0.24 (95% CI 0.14-0.34) using meta-analysis. SD-OCT should be performed for routine cataract surgery patients to evaluate visual outcomes, especially in myopic patients and those considering advanced-technology intraocular lenses.

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