Breast cancer (BC) remains a major health problem, despite the remarkable advances in cancer research setting. BC is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide. In the context of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) treatment, major obstacles include late diagnoses and detrimental side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Research effort was rewarded with the discovery of mesothelin (MSLN), an oncogenic Glycosyl-Phosphatidyl-Inositol (GPI) anchored protein, over-expressed in TNBC. GPI pathway is a post-translational modification that attaches proteins to cellular membrane. MSLN targeted therapy succeeded in early clinical trials, nevertheless, to date, the epigenetic regulation of MSLN and GPI pathway by non-coding RNAs (nc-RNAs) in BC remains an untouched area. Accordingly, our aim is to investigate-for the first time- the impact of simultaneous targeting of MSLN and its associated GPI pathway member, PIG-C, by non-coding-RNAs. Expression profiling of PIG-C, MSLN in BC was performed. Using bioinformatics tools, MALAT-1 and miR-182 were found to target MSLN and PIG-C. MDA-MB-231 cells were transfected with synthetic nc-RNAs. Expression profiling of MSLN, miR-182 and MALAT-1 showed a dramatic over-expression in BC samples. MiR-182 ectopic expression and MALAT-1 silencing increased MSLN and PIG-C transcript levels. However, miR-182 inhibition and miR-182/si-MALAT-1 co-transfection lowered MSLN and PIG-C levels. Finally, si-PIG-C decreased MSLN and PIG-C levels. To conclude, our investigation unravels a new axis in TNBC, where miR-182 can manipulate MSLN and PIG-C. Meanwhile, MALAT-1 is the culprit lncRNA in this novel axis, possibly a sponge for miR-182. Altogether, this sheds light on new targets for BC immune-therapy.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

References

PubMed