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[Management of gastroesophageal reflux in children. Single centre experience in conventional and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in the last 15 years].

[Management of gastroesophageal reflux in children. Single centre experience in conventional and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in the last 15 years].
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Betancourth-Alvarenga JE, Garrido Pérez JI, Castillo Fernández AL, Murcia Pascual FJ, Cárdenas Elias MA, Escassi Gil A, Paredes-Esteban RM,


Betancourth-Alvarenga JE, Garrido Pérez JI, Castillo Fernández AL, Murcia Pascual FJ, Cárdenas Elias MA, Escassi Gil A, Paredes-Esteban RM, (click to view)

Betancourth-Alvarenga JE, Garrido Pérez JI, Castillo Fernández AL, Murcia Pascual FJ, Cárdenas Elias MA, Escassi Gil A, Paredes-Esteban RM,

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Anales de pediatria (Barcelona, Spain : 2003) 2016 01 2886(4) 220-225 pii S1695-4033(15)00564-0
Abstract
INTRODUCTION
Nissen fundoplication (NF) is the most used and effective technique for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in children. The laparoscopic approach (LNF) is safe, with low morbidity and high success rate, although some cases require a conventional approach (CNF). The aim of the study is to compare the results between LNF and CNF in our centre.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
A retrospective review was performed on patients <14years after NF between 2000 and 2015. A comparison was made of the complications, hospital stay, and follow-up for both approaches. RESULTS
Of the total 75 NF performed, 49 (65.3%) were LNF, 23 (30.7%) CNF, and 3 (4.0%) reconversions. Concomitant laparoscopic gastrostomy was performed in 10.7%, and open gastrostomy in 5.3% of cases. Prior to NF, 10.7% had a gastrostomy. The mean age was 4 years and 68.7% were male. Of the diagnoses, 36% had encephalopathy, 14.7% hiatal hernia, 5.4% oesophageal atresia, and 5.4% an acute life-threatening event. No differences were found in operation time. More than two-thirds (36%) had complications, which were more frequent in the CNF (OR=3.30, 95%CI: 1.1-9.6). The hospital-stay decreased by 9 days in the LNF (95%CI: 5.5-13.5). Mean follow-up was 26 months (95%CI: 20.9-31.6). Mortality during follow-up was of 5.3% (5 respiratory failure, 1 sudden cardiac death, and 2 due to complications of the encephalopathy), 4.2% required re-fundoplication, 15.8% had symptomatic improvement, and 64.0% had absence of symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS
The LNF is an effective technique for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux, with lower morbidity and shorter hospital stay than CNF. It is recommended as the first surgical option.

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