Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America 43(4) 639-657 pii 10.1016/j.ogc.2016.07.009
Pregnant women have an increased morbidity and mortality for certain illnesses owing to the physiologic and immunologic changes in pregnancy. Certain infections are common during pregnancy, including urinary tract infections and pneumonia. Others are uncommon, but yield increased severity, including influenza. Human immunodeficiency virus, although it does not increase in pathogenesis during pregnancy, requires specific attention and management in the context of pregnancy.