Asthma and non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) are among the commonest causes of chronic cough in adults. We sought to determine the role of non-invasive measurements of airway inflammation including induced sputum and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in the evaluation of cough associated with asthma, and what the best treatment is for cough due to asthma or NAEB.
We undertook 3 systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials and observational trials of adults and adolescents >12 years with a chronic cough due to asthma or NAEB. Eligible studies were identified in MEDLINE, CENTRAL and SCOPUS and assessed for relevance and quality. Guidelines were developed and voted upon using CHEST guideline methodology.
Of the citations reviewed, 3/1175, 53/656 and 6/134 were identified as being eligible for inclusion in the three systematic reviews respectively. In contrast to established guidelines for asthma therapies in general and the inclusion in some guidelines for a role of biomarkers of airway inflammation to guide treatment in severe disease, the evidence of specific benefit related to the use of non-invasive biomarkers in patients with chronic cough due to asthma was weak. The best therapeutic option for cough in asthma or NAEB is inhaled corticosteroids followed by leukotriene receptor antagonism.
This guideline offers recommendations on the role of non-invasive measurements of airway inflammation and treatment for cough due to asthma or NAEB based on the available literature, identifies gaps in knowledge and areas for future research.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.