Virology 2018 03 21518() 293-300 pii 10.1016/j.virol.2018.02.003
MARCH2 is one of the MARCH family E3 ligases, which contains eleven members that play pivotal roles in controlling the turn-over of membrane proteins, such as MHC class I, MHC class II, and cell surface receptors. In this study, we found the expression of MARCH2 to be upregulated upon HIV-1 infection. MARCH2 inhibits the production and infection of HIV-1 through ligase activity-dependent envelope protein degradation and/or intracellular retention, a mechanism shared by MARCH8 that also leads to the inhibition of HIV-1 infection. Nevertheless, unlike MARCH8 and other MARCH proteins whose transcription levels are unrelated to viral infection, the expression level of MARCH2 is markedly upregulated upon HIV-1 infection, conferring MARCH2 a unique role in monitoring and regulating the HIV-1 infection-associated process.