Intraurethral inoculation of mice with uropathogenic E. coli (CP1) results in prostate inflammation, fibrosis, and urinary dysfunction, recapitulating some but not all of the pathognomonic clinical features associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). In both patients with LUTS and in CP1-infected mice, we observed increased numbers and activation of mast cells and elevated levels of prostate fibrosis. Therapeutic inhibition of mast cells using a combination of mast cell stabilizer (MCS), cromolyn sodium, and the histamine 1 receptor antagonist (H1RA), cetirizine di-hydrochloride, in the mouse model resulted in reduced mast cell activation in the prostate and significant alleviation of urinary dysfunction. Treated mice showed reduced prostate fibrosis, less infiltration of immune cells, and decreased inflammation. In addition, as opposed to symptomatic CP1-infected mice, treated mice showed reduced myosin light chain (MLC)-2 phosphorylation, a marker of prostate smooth muscle contraction. These results show that mast cells play a critical role in the pathophysiology of urinary dysfunction and may be an important therapeutic target for men with BPH/LUTS.