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Maternal prepregnancy BMI or weight and offspring’s blood pressure: Systematic review.

Maternal prepregnancy BMI or weight and offspring’s blood pressure: Systematic review.
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Ludwig-Walz H, Schmidt M, Günther ALB, Kroke A,


Ludwig-Walz H, Schmidt M, Günther ALB, Kroke A, (click to view)

Ludwig-Walz H, Schmidt M, Günther ALB, Kroke A,

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Maternal & child nutrition 2017 11 23() doi 10.1111/mcn.12561
Abstract

Emerging evidence suggests that maternal prepregnancy body mass index or weight (MPBW) may be associated with offspring’s blood pressure (BP). Therefore, we conducted a systematic review-following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement-to assess and judge the evidence for an association between MPBW with offspring’s later BP. Five data bases were searched without limits. Risk of bias was assessed using the "Tool to Assess Risk of Bias in Cohort Studies," and an evidence grade was allocated following the World Cancer Research Fund criteria. Of 2,011 publications retrieved, 16 studies (all cohort studies) were included in the systematic review; thereof, 5 studies (31%) were rated as good-quality studies. Overall, data from 63,959 participants were enclosed. Systolic BP was analysed in 15 (5 good quality), diastolic BP in 12 (3 good quality), and mean arterial pressure in 3 (no good quality) studies. Five good-quality studies of MPBW with offspring’s systolic BP as the outcome and 1 good-quality study with offspring’s diastolic BP as the outcome observed a significant association. However, after adding offspring’s anthropometry variables to the statistical model, the effect attenuated in 4 studies with systolic BP to nonsignificance, the study with diastolic BP remained significant. No good-quality studies were found with respect to offspring’s later mean arterial pressure. In conclusion, this systematic review found suggestive, but still limited, evidence for an association between MPBW with offspring’s later BP. The available data suggest that the effect might be mainly mediated via offspring’s anthropometry.

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