Clinical radiology 2017 04 0872(7) 580-589 pii S0009-9260(17)30113-7
To evaluate the correlation between the maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax) from bone single-photon-emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) and other imaging parameters for medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Patients (n=26; male_female=2:24; age, 55.3±5.8 years) underwent quantitative knee SPECT/CT using technetium-99m (Tc-99m) hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HDP) before surgical operation for medial OA of the knee. SUVmax was calculated using dedicated quantitative software. Visual grades of tracer uptake on bone SPECT/CT and Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) OA scores on plain radiographs were assessed using a five-point scale. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scores (n=22) and patient symptom scores were also assessed.
The operated knees (n=34) had a greater SUVmax than the non-operated knees (n=18) in the medial compartment (14.1±6.1 versus 5.3±4.4, p<0.0001). In the medial compartment, the SUVmax was significantly correlated with SPECT/CT visual grades (rho=0.794, p<0.0001), KL scores (rho=0.703, p<0.0001), and MRI scores (rho=0.714-0.808, p≤0.0002); however, SUVmax and other imaging parameters were not correlated with patient symptom scores (p>0.05).
The SUVmax of quantitative bone SPECT/CT was highly correlated with traditional imaging parameters for medial compartment OA severity of the knee. Quantitative bone SPECT/CT is a promising imaging technique for the objective assessment of knee OA.