Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for May 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Globally, Women Less Likely to Develop Heart Disease Than Men

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Women are less likely to have or die from cardiovascular disease than men, according to a study published online May 20 in The Lancet.

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Metformin Recalled Due to Potential Cancer-Causing Chemical

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A recall of the widely used diabetes drug metformin was announced by drug maker Apotex due to possible high levels of N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), which is believed to cause cancer in people.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of May 25 to 29, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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VA Slashes Use of Hydroxychloroquine to Treat COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The VA health system has stopped nearly all use of hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients, Veterans Affairs Secretary Robert Wilkie said at a House hearing on Thursday.

AP News Article

Remdesivir Use Growing Globally in COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Worldwide more physicians are using remdesivir to treat COVID-19 patients, according to a survey released May 21 by Sermo, a global health care polling company and social platform for physicians.

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Five-Day Course of Remdesivir Beneficial in Severe COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There seems to be no significant difference between a five- and 10-day course of remdesivir for patients with severe COVID-19 not requiring mechanical ventilation, according to a study published online May 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Burden of Severe COVID-19 High in California, Washington State

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For residents of California and Washington with COVID-19, the length of hospital stay and intensive care unit (ICU) admission are high, according to a study published online May 22 in The BMJ.

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Success More Than 50 Percent for Second Child With Fertility Treatment

FRIDAY, May 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Women have a good chance of having a second child with the help of assisted reproductive technology (ART), according to a study published online May 8 in Human Reproduction.

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Tooth Loss More Prevalent in Adults With Chronic Disease

THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adults with severe chronic disease or with fair or poor general health have a higher prevalence of edentulism and severe tooth loss, according to research published in the May 29 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Coronavirus Antibody Tests Still Not Accurate Enough

THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Coronavirus antibody test results may not be accurate enough to help guide decisions about whether to allow large groups of people to gather at work, schools, dormitories, correctional facilities, and other locations, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

CBS News Article
More Information: CDC

Parents Facing Higher Levels of Stress During Pandemic

THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Individuals, particularly parents, are coping with extreme stress related to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released May 21 by the American Psychological Association (APA).

Press Release

CV Toxicity Tied to Azithromycin and/or Hydroxychloroquine

THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin may have a serious adverse impact on the cardiovascular system, according to a research letter published online May 22 in Circulation.

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9.5 Percent Uninsured in U.S. From January Through June 2019

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A total of 9.5 percent of persons were uninsured from January through June 2019, according to a report published online May 28 by the National Center for Health Statistics.

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Spirituality May Have Protective Effect on QOL for Stroke Survivors

THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — High spirituality among stroke survivors may moderate the association between care partner depressive symptomatology and quality of life (QOL) for survivors and their care partners, according to a study published online May 26 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Parents Struggling to Provide for Families During Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The COVID-19 pandemic poses risks to children’s health, well-being, and development as parents struggle to provide for their families, according to a survey released by the Urban Institute.

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U.K. Patients Hospitalized With COVID-19 Are More Often Male

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients hospitalized with COVID-19 are more often male and frequently have comorbidities, according to a study published online May 22 in the The BMJ.

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African-Americans More Likely to Be Hospitalized With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — African-American patients have an increased likelihood of hospitalization for COVID-19, according to a report published online May 21 in Health Affairs.

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Only One in Four U.S. Hospitals With ICUs Have Tele-ICU Services

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In 2018, half of U.S. hospitals had the capacity to conduct telehealth-based outpatient visits, while only one in four had tele-intensive care unit (tele-ICU) capabilities, according to a research letter published online April 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Primary Care Providers Report More Workplace Burnout, Anxiety

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Primary care providers report more workplace burnout and higher scores for anxiety than other health care professionals, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

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USPSTF: Little Evidence Interventions Prevent Illicit Drug Use in Youth

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that current evidence is inadequate for assessing the balance of benefits and harms of primary care interventions for preventing illicit drug use among children, adolescents, and young adults. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the May 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Final Recommendation Statement

New Medicare Benefit Would Limit Insulin Copays to $35 a Month

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Reacting to skyrocketing prices for insulin, the Trump Administration announced on Tuesday a new benefit that would limit Medicare recipients’ copays for insulin to a maximum of $35 a month and save them about $446 a year if they have prescription plans that offer the benefit.

AP News Article

WHO Suspends Testing of Hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19 Patients

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The World Health Organization has suspended use of the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine in a clinical trial of treatments of COVID-19 after a study revealed that patients taking the drug are at increased risk for death and serious heart problems.

AP News Article

Remdesivir Beats Placebo for Time to COVID-19 Recovery

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For adults hospitalized with COVID-19 with lower respiratory tract infection, time to recovery is shorter with remdesivir than placebo, according to a study published online May 22 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Placental Injury Seen in Pregnant Women With SARS-CoV-2

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher rates of decidual arteriopathy and other maternal vascular malperfusion features are seen in placentas of women with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online May 22 in the American Journal of Clinical Pathology.

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Hydroxychloroquine Plus Macrolides No Benefit in COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with COVID-19 requiring hospitalization, there is no evidence of benefit for use of hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide, according to a study published online May 22 in The Lancet.

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Adenovirus Type-5 Vectored COVID-19 Vaccine Shows Promise

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A recombinant adenovirus type-5 (Ad5) vectored COVID-19 vaccine is safe, tolerable, and immunogenic, according to a study published online May 22 in The Lancet.

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Three Trajectories of Picky Eating Identified in Children

TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Three stable trajectories of picky eating have been identified in childhood from ages 4 to 9 years, with maternal feeding behaviors associated with picky eating, according to a study published online May 26 in Pediatrics.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of May 18 to 22, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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U.S. Offers $1.2 Billion to Drug Company for COVID-19 Vaccine Research

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services said Thursday it would provide up to $1.2 billion to AstraZeneca to develop a potential COVID-19 vaccine from a lab in Oxford, England.

The New York Times Article

U.S. Government Seeks Deal With Private Industry to Boost Supply of Medical Equipment

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In an effort to prevent the United States from again struggling to have enough medical supplies in a pandemic, the federal government is seeking to make a five-year deal with U.S. manufacturers.

AP News Article
Johns Hopkins University

CDC: COVID-19 Not Spread Easily From Contaminated Surfaces

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — COVID-19 spreads swiftly between people but is not easily caught from contaminated surfaces, according to updated information from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Washington Post Article
More Information: CDC

Age, Sex, History of Diabetes Predict Intubation in COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Older age, male sex, and history of diabetes are factors predictive of intubation among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, while age and body mass index are associated with time to extubation, according to a study published online May 19 in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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No SARS-CoV-2 ID’d in Asymptomatic Pregnant Women in Los Angeles

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — At the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, none of 80 asymptomatic women admitted to the labor and antepartum units tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a research letter published online May 19 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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ED Chest X-Ray Score Predicts COVID-19 Outcomes in Adults <50

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A chest X-ray (CXR) severity score can predict outcomes among young and middle-aged adults with COVID-19 on presentation to the emergency department, according to a study published online May 14 in Radiology.

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Cardiac Decompensation Seen in Children Following COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Children may experience acute cardiac decompensation due to a severe inflammatory state (multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children or MIS-C) following infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online May 17 in Circulation.

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Weight in Adolescence Tied to Early-Onset Type 2 Diabetes

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Obesity in adolescence significantly increases the risk for incidence of type 2 diabetes in early adulthood in both sexes, according to a study published online April 22 in Diabetes Care.

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Biomechanical Footwear May Aid Knee Osteoarthritis Outcomes

FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Use of biomechanical footwear is associated with an improvement in pain among patients with knee osteoarthritis at 24 weeks of follow-up, although the improvements are of uncertain clinical importance, according to a study published in the May 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Rate of Stroke Low in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19

THURSDAY, May 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The rate of imaging-confirmed stroke is low in hospitalized patients with COVID-19, but mortality is higher than in contemporary controls without COVID-19 and historical controls, according to a study published online May 20 in Stroke.

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CDC: Live Poultry Linked to Salmonella Cases in 28 States

THURSDAY, May 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Live poultry, such as chicks and ducklings, in backyard flocks have caused Salmonella infections that have sickened 97 people in 28 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

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CDC Says Test All Newborns of Mothers With Confirmed, Suspected COVID-19

THURSDAY, May 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — All babies born to women with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 should be tested, according to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines issued Wednesday.

CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Deaths From Alcohol, Drugs, Suicide Topped 150,000 in 2018

THURSDAY, May 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In 2018, opioid overdose deaths declined, but deaths involving alcohol, suicide, synthetic opioids, and other psychostimulants rose, according to a brief released May 21 by the Trust for America’s Health and the Well Being Trust.

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Asthma Tied to Longer COVID-19 Intubation Time

THURSDAY, May 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among COVID-19 patients who develop severe respiratory symptoms requiring intubation, asthma is associated with a significantly longer intubation time, according to a study published online May 14 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

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Musculoskeletal Malformations Up With Fluconazole in Pregnancy

THURSDAY, May 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Use of oral fluconazole for treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with musculoskeletal malformations, but not with oral clefts or conotruncal malformations, according to a study published online May 20 in The BMJ.

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Higher Number of Pregnancy Losses Tied to Subsequent Type 2 Diabetes

THURSDAY, May 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Pregnancy loss is associated with subsequent type 2 diabetes, with an increased likelihood for increasing number of pregnancy losses, according to a study published online May 19 in Diabetologia.

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Decrease Seen in Child Vaccination Coverage During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There has been a decrease in child vaccination coverage in almost all milestone age cohorts during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to research published in the May 18 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Some Children With COVID-19 Require Admission, PICU Care

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Some children with COVID-19 require admission and intensive care, according to a study published online May 11 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Sales of Johnson’s Baby Powder Halted in U.S., Canada

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Lawsuits claiming that talc-based Johnson’s Baby Powder has caused cancer have led to a plunge in sales in the United States and Canada, so Johnson & Johnson said Tuesday it is ending sales of the product in those two countries.

AP News Article

Multiple Genes Predispose Black Women to Breast Cancer

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Multiple genes predispose African-American (AA) women to breast cancer, including BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2, according to a study published online May 19 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Global Practice Guidelines Issued by International Society of Hypertension

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In International Society of Hypertension practice guidelines, published in the June issues of Hypertension and the Journal of Hypertension, recommendations are presented for the management of hypertension in adults aged 18 years and older.

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Age, CRP Up Risk for Mortality in Diabetes With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with diabetes and COVID-19, risk factors for mortality include older age and elevated C-reactive protein, and insulin usage is associated with poor prognosis, according to a study published online May 14 in Diabetes Care.

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Obesity Tied to Increased Risk for Progression to Severe COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Obesity is associated with a significantly increased risk for progression to severe COVID-19, according to a study published online May 14 in Diabetes Care.

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Mental Health Symptoms Up for Medics Dealing With COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The scores for mental health symptoms in medical personnel responding to COVID-19 pneumonia are generally higher than the norm in China, according to a study published online May 19 in PLOS ONE.

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Factors ID’d for Positive SARS-CoV-2 Test Result in Primary Care

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Sociodemographic factors associated with the risk for a positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) test result include deprivation, population density, and ethnicity, according to a study published online May 15 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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28 Million-Plus Surgeries Could Be Canceled Due to COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Worldwide, more than 28 million elective surgeries could be canceled or postponed during the 12 weeks of peak disruption due to COVID-19, according to a study published online May 12 in the British Journal of Surgery.

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Higher Intake of Whole-Fat Dairy May Cut Metabolic Syndrome Risk

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher intake of whole-fat dairy products is associated with a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) as well as hypertension and diabetes, according to a study published online May 18 in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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Hydroxychloroquine Does Not Improve COVID-19 Pneumonia Outcomes

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Hydroxychloroquine does not improve outcomes in COVID-19, according to two studies published online May 14 in The BMJ.

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CMS: Use ‘Extreme Caution’ in Reopening Nursing Homes

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — State governors should use “extreme caution” in deciding when to allow visits to nursing homes to resume, the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services said Monday.

AP News Article
More Information: CMS

Spending on Primary Care Continues to Lag in the U.S.

TUESDAY, May 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Spending on inpatient services, specialty care, and prescriptions together accounted for about two-thirds of the increase in total U.S. health care spending from 2002 to 2016, according to a research letter published online May 18 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Fruit-, Veggie-Rich Diet May Soon Lower Markers for Cardiac Injury

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For middle-aged adults without preexisting cardiovascular disease, eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables over eight weeks is associated with lower levels of markers for subclinical cardiac damage and strain, according to a study published online May 19 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Social Distancing Policies Reduced COVID-19 Growth Rate

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The impact of four widely adopted social distancing policies reduced the daily growth rate of COVID-19 across U.S. counties, according to a report published online May 14 in Health Affairs.

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Experimental COVID-19 Vaccine Appears Safe, Triggers Immune Response

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An experimental vaccine against COVID-19 appears to be safe and to trigger an immune response, according to results of the first human clinical trial of a COVID-19 vaccine.

The New York Times Article

Guidance Issued for Osteoporosis Management During COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a joint guidance document issued by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, Endocrine Society, European Calcified Tissue Society, and National Osteoporosis Foundation, recommendations are presented for the management of osteoporosis during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Cough May Not Appear in Young Children With COVID-19

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Young children with COVID-19 may not present with respiratory symptoms, according to a case report published online May 12 in Frontiers in Pediatrics.

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No Improvements Seen in Meeting AAP Vitamin D Intake Guidelines

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Since 2009, there has been no improvement in meeting the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines for vitamin D intake, according to a study published online May 18 in Pediatrics.

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Convalescent Plasma Appears Promising for Severe COVID-19

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Administration of convalescent plasma seems safe and results in improvement in clinical status for patients with severe or life-threatening COVID-19, according to a study not yet peer reviewed and posted on medRxiv.org.

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Most Physicians Have Seen False-Negative COVID-19 Test Results

MONDAY, May 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Most physicians believe they have seen false-negative results for a COVID-19 diagnostic test, according to the results of a recent survey.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of May 11 to 15, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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FDA: Abbott Rapid COVID-19 Test Could Miss Infections

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A rapid COVID-19 test being used across the United States could miss infections, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

More Information: FDA
The New York Times Article

COVID-19 Cases Increased More Rapidly With No Stay-at-Home Order in Iowa

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — COVID-19 cases increased more quickly in border counties in Iowa and more slowly in border counties in Illinois following enactment of a stay-at-home order in Illinois, according to a study published online May 15 in JAMA Network Open.

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NIH: Large-Scale Testing of Some COVID-19 Vaccines Could Start in July

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A number of COVID-19 vaccines under development “look pretty promising” and one or two could be ready for large-scale testing by July, the director of the U.S. National Institutes of Health says.

AP News Article

Distracted Driving Laws Tied to Fewer Teen Crash Fatalities

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Distracted driving laws within the United States help reduce fatalities for teenagers, according to a study published online May 15 in Pediatrics.

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Interferon-α2b May Shorten Viral Shedding Duration in COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Interferon (IFN)-α2b therapy seems to shorten the duration of viral shedding in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, according to a study published online May 15 in Frontiers in Immunology.

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ACP Advises Against Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a special article from the American College of Physicians (ACP), published online May 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, practice points are presented to guide the use of chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine in the setting of COVID-19.

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Early Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Leads to Less Weight Gain

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Early diagnosis and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in high-risk women improves gestational weight gain (GWG), according to a study published online April 24 in the Journal of Women’s Health.

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Intensive Blood Pressure Control Tied to Lower Atrial Fibrillation Risk

FRIDAY, May 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Intensive blood pressure (BP) control can lower the risk for atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with hypertension at high risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online May 4 in Hypertension.

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Opt-Out Universal Hep C Screening in Emergency Dept Is Useful

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Emergency department opt-out universal hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening can identify a large number of unrecognized HCV infections, including among those born after 1965, according to research published in the May 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Prevalence of Postpartum Depressive Symptoms 13.2 Percent

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — About 13 percent of women report postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS), according to research published in the May 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Kawasaki-Like Disease Incidence Up After Start of SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The incidence of Kawasaki-like disease increased after the start of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic in the Bergamo province of Italy, according to a study published online May 13 in The Lancet.

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Improvements Seen in Some Cognitive Domains With Aerobic Exercise

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A six-month aerobic exercise intervention is associated with improvements in cognitive domains and cerebrovascular regulation among middle-aged and older adults, according to a study published online May 13 in Neurology.

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Meta-Analysis Links Smoking to COVID-19 Disease Progression

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Smokers have an increased likelihood of COVID-19 disease progression, according to research published online May 13 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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COVID-19 Fatality Rate High for Heart Transplant Recipients

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Heart transplant (HT) recipients with COVID-19 infection have a case fatality rate of 25 percent, according to a study published online May 13 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Cannabis Smoking May Increase Risk for Fungal Infection

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The likelihood of having a fungal infection was increased in association with cannabis use in 2016, according to a study published online May 13 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Guidance Issued for Acute Large Vessel CVA During COVID-19 Pandemic

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a guidance statement from the Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology, published online April 29 in Stroke, recommendations are presented for the management of acute ischemic large vessel occlusion stroke during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Graduated Compression Stockings May Not Be Needed After Surgery

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients undergoing elective surgery, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) alone is noninferior to LMWH plus graduated compression stockings (GCS) for prevention of venous thromboembolism, according to a study published online May 13 in The BMJ.

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Bowel Abnormalities Described in Inpatients With COVID-19

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Bowel abnormalities have been identified on abdominal imaging of some inpatients with COVID-19, according to a study published online May 11 in Radiology.

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Poll: One in Seven Older Adults Report Food Insecurity

THURSDAY, May 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — One in seven adults ages 50 to 80 years say they experienced household food insecurity in the past year (before the COVID-19 pandemic), according to a report published online May 11 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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Live Biotherapeutic Promising for Prevention of Bacterial Vaginosis

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For women with bacterial vaginosis, Lactobacillus crispatus CTV-05 (Lactin-V) after vaginal metronidazole results in a lower incidence of recurrence at 12 weeks, according to a study published in the May 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Sickness Presenteeism Common With Influenza-Like Illness

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Most health care workers (HCWs) and non-HCWs continue to work when sick with influenza-like illness (ILI), according to a study published online May 13 in PLOS ONE.

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Plan in Place to Up Production of Prefilled Syringes for Future COVID-19 Vaccine

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A deal for hundreds of millions of syringes that could be used to quickly administer a possible vaccine against COVID-19 has been reached between the U.S. government and a private company.

NBC News Article

Doctors Should Watch for Pediatric Inflammatory Syndrome With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — American physicians should watch for a dangerous inflammatory syndrome in children that may be linked to COVID-19 infection, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says in an alert.

CNN Article

Addition of Zinc May Benefit Some Being Treated for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For hospitalized patients with COVID-19, the addition of zinc sulfate to hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin may improve some outcomes, according to a study not yet peer reviewed and posted on medRxiv.org.

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Sugar-Sweetened Beverages May Increase Risk for CVD in Women

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), revascularization, and stroke among women, according to a study published online May 13 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Burden of Osteoarthritis Increasing in Most Countries

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The burden of osteoarthritis (OA) is increasing in most countries, according to a study published online May 12 in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Experts Discuss Strategy for Bariatric Surgery During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a personal view article, published online May 7 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, recommendations are presented for the management of bariatric and metabolic surgery patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Grip Strength May Help ID Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Healthy Adults

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Grip strength may predict type 2 diabetes risk in healthy adults, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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USPSTF Urges Behavioral Counseling for Those With CVD Risk

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral counseling to promote a healthy lifestyle for adults at risk for cardiovascular disease. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online May 12 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Olfactory Dysfunction Most Often Occurs by Third Day of COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Olfactory dysfunction (OD) occurs commonly, severely, and early in COVID-19 infection, according to a study published online May 5 in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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Risk Score May Predict Critical Illness at COVID-19 Admission

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A risk score based on 10 factors can predict the risk for developing critical illness at COVID-19 admission, according to a study published online May 12 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Doctors Without Borders Team Sent to Navajo Nation to Fight COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Doctors Without Borders has sent a nine-person team to the Navajo Nation in the Southwestern United States as it struggles with a COVID-19 crisis.

CBS News Article

Long-Term Flavonoid Intake Tied to Lower Alzheimer Risk

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher long-term dietary intake of flavonoids is associated with lower risks for Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD) in U.S. adults, according to a study published online April 22 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Established ARDS Therapy Aids Many Critically Ill With COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many critically ill patients with COVID-19 respiratory failure managed with mechanical ventilation and established acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) protocols survive, according to a letter to the editor published online April 29 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Crude Link ID’d for Vitamin D Levels, COVID-19 Cases, Death

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is a crude correlation between vitamin D levels and the number of COVID-19 cases and COVID-19 mortality, according to a study published online May 6 in Aging Clinical and Experimental Research.

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Pediatric Vaccine Ordering Has Decreased During COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — After the COVID-19 emergency declarations, there was a decrease in pediatric vaccine ordering, according to research published in the May 8 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Severe Illness Reported in Some Children With COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Severe illness from COVID-19 infection occurs in some children, most of whom have significant preexisting comorbidities, according to a study published online May 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Thigh Circumference Tied to Hypertension Risk

TUESDAY, May 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Large thigh circumference is associated with a lower risk for hypertension in overweight and obese individuals, according to a study published in the April issue of Endocrine Connections.

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Hydroxychloroquine Has No Impact on Outcomes in COVID-19

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Hydroxychloroquine is not associated with an increased or decreased risk for intubation or death among patients with COVID-19 admitted to the hospital, according to a study published online May 7 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Anakinra May Reduce Systemic Inflammation in COVID-19

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — High-dose anakinra, a recombinant interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist, is associated with improved clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and hyperinflammation, according to a study published online May 7 in The Lancet Rheumatology.

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Editorial

Epidemic Growth of COVID-19 Not Linked to Latitude, Temperature

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For COVID-19, epidemic growth is not associated with latitude and temperature or with absolute humidity, according to a study published online May 8 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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2007 to 2016 Saw Increase in Peds ED Visits for Mental Health

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2007 to 2016, pediatric emergency department visits remained stable, but visits for all mental health disorders increased 60 percent, according to a study published online May 11 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial

SARS-CoV-2 Spreads Rapidly Through Skilled Nursing Facilities

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Rapid and widespread transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can occur in skilled nursing facilities, according to a study published online April 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

Triple Antiviral Therapy Promising for Mild-to-Moderate COVID-19

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with COVID-19, early triple antiviral therapy (lopinavir-ritonavir, ribavirin, and interferon beta-1b) is better than lopinavir-ritonavir for reducing the time to providing a nasopharyngeal swab negative for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, according to a study published online May 8 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of May 4 to 8, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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FDA Slashes Number of Approved Chinese Makers of N95 Masks

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The number of mask makers in China approved to make N95-type masks for U.S. health care workers was slashed from 80 to 14 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday.

MarketWatch Article

Symptomatic COVID-19 Infection Fatality Rate 1.3 Percent in U.S.

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The overall infection fatality rate (IFR) among symptomatic COVID-19 cases (IFR-S) in the United States is estimated at 1.3 percent, according to a report published online May 7 in Health Affairs.

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Most Jurisdictions Report COVID-19 in Correctional Facilities

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — At least one laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case has been reported in correctional and detention facilities in 86 percent of 54 state and territorial health department jurisdictions, according to research published in the May 6 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Prevalence of Hypertension Higher in Rural Versus Urban Areas

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of hypertension varies across states and is higher in rural versus urban areas, according to research published in the May 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Asthma, COPD Medication Adherence Up During Pandemic

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Medication adherence for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online May 3 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

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Incidence of Psych Morbidity Up With Spinal Cord Injury

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adults with traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs) have an increased incidence of psychological morbidities and multimorbidity, according to a study published in the May issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Deaths of Despair Likely to Increase During Pandemic

FRIDAY, May 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Up to 75,000 more people could die from drug or alcohol misuse and suicide during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a report released May 8 by the Well Being Trust (WBT) and the Robert Graham Center for Policy Studies in Family Medicine and Primary Care.

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Doubt Cast on Notion That New Strain of COVID-19 Is More Infectious

THURSDAY, May 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A new study suggesting that COVID-19 has mutated to become even more infectious should be viewed with skepticism, former U.S. Food and Drug Administration head Scott Gottlieb, M.D., said Wednesday.

CNBC Article

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder a Professional Concern for Nurses

THURSDAY, May 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a professional concern for nurses, although the prevalence rates vary across studies, according to a review published online May 5 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Link Found Between Body Size in Childhood, Later Life Disease

THURSDAY, May 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Large adult body size contributes to the association between genetically predicted larger body size in childhood and coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes later in life, according to a study published online May 6 in The BMJ.

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Cardio-Obstetrics Team Key to Managing CVD in Pregnancy

THURSDAY, May 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A cardio-obstetrics team is essential for management of cardiovascular disease during pregnancy, according to an American Heart Association scientific statement published online May 4 in Circulation.

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GI Symptoms Seen in Less Than 10 Percent of COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, May 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are seen in less than 10 percent of patients with COVID-19, according to a meta-analysis published online May 4 in Gastroenterology.

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Human Trials of Experimental COVID-19 Vaccine Begin in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Human trials on an experimental COVID-19 vaccine began in the United States on Monday, Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech said.

The New York Times Article

New Coronavirus Strain More Contagious, Scientists Say

WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A new, mutated strain of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 has become dominant and appears to be more contagious than the strain that spread during the early stages of the pandemic, scientists report.

Los Angeles Times Article

Health Care Workers at Risk From Mental Burden of COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Health care workers and younger people have an increased risk for a psychological impact from COVID-19, according to a study published online April 14 in Psychology, Health & Medicine.

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HIV+ Men Are Not Receiving STD Testing, Prevention Services

WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) do not receive recommended prevention services and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing when receiving care for HIV infection, according to a research letter published online May 5 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Guideline Issued for Nonsevere, Severe COVID-19 Therapy

WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In an evidence-based guideline developed by an international team of physicians, pharmacists, researchers, and patients, published online April 29 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association, recommendations are presented for the treatment of COVID-19.

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Well-Controlled Blood Glucose May Improve COVID-19 Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with COVID-19 and type 2 diabetes (T2D), well-controlled blood glucose (BG) is associated with lower mortality during hospitalization, according to a study published online May 1 in Cell Metabolism.

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Risk for Severe Maternal Morbidity Varies Across Neighborhoods

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) is higher for women in ZIP codes with the highest concentration of poor blacks relative to wealthy whites, which is partially attributable to the delivery hospital, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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USPSTF Recommends Hep B Screening for Those at Increased Risk

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening adolescents and adults at increased risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online May 5 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Michigan Nursing Homes More Prepared for Pandemics Than in 2007

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Michigan nursing homes (NHs) are better prepared for pandemics now than they were in 2007, according to a study published online April 15 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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PPE With More Coverage Ups Protection, but Harder to Don, Doff

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Covering more of the body leads to better protection for health care workers against contamination, but greater coverage is usually associated with increased difficulty in putting on and removing personal protective equipment (PPE), according to a review published online April 15 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Race and Income Influence Risk for Severe COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Race and income influence the risk for severe illness from COVID-19, according to a study published online April 28 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Variation Seen in COVID-19 Tests, Hospitalization, Deaths Across NYC

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is considerable variation in the rates of COVID-19 testing, hospitalization, and deaths across New York City boroughs, according to a research letter published online April 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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ACE Inhibitors, ARBs Not Linked to Risk for COVID-19

TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) and other classes of antihypertensive medications seem not to be associated with COVID-19, according to two studies published online May 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

FDA Goes After Unproven COVID-19 Antibody Tests

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Monday it will crack down on the fraudulent COVID-19 antibody tests that have flooded the market.

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Johns Hopkins University

Evolocumab Does Not Impact Cognition in Atherosclerotic CVD

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥70 mg/dL or non-high-density cholesterol ≥100 mg/dL despite statin therapy, evolocumab has no impact on patient-reported cognitive function, according to a study published in the May 12 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Sleep Apnea Tied to High Blood Glucose Levels Among Blacks

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Black Americans with severe sleep apnea are more likely to have high blood glucose levels, according to a study published online April 28 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Seen in China After COVID-19

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Nearly one in 10 people in parts of China hit hardest by COVID-19 report posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), according to a study published in the May issue of Psychiatry Research.

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Recommendations Made for PPE Use by HCPs in COVID-19 Care

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of America, recommendations are presented for personal protective equipment (PPE) use by health care providers (HCP) in caring for suspected or known COVID-19 patients.

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Hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19 Ups Risk for QTc Prolongation

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with COVID-19 who receive hydroxychloroquine have a high risk for corrected QT (QTc) prolongation, according to a study published online May 1 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Editorial

Early Awake Proning for COVID-19 Improves Oxygen Saturation

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In COVID-19 patients, awake early self-proning in the emergency department yields improved oxygen saturation, according to a study published online April 22 in Academic Emergency Medicine.

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Patients With Cancer Seem More Vulnerable to COVID-19

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with cancer seem to be more vulnerable to COVID-19 and have higher risks for severe outcomes, according to a study published online April 28 in Cancer Discovery.

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With Many States Reopening, COVID-19 Testing Levels Still Too Low

MONDAY, May 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A new analysis shows inadequate levels of testing for COVID-19 in 60 percent of states, many of which are actively reopening after weeks of lockdown.

AP News Article

During Outbreak, Most Pregnant Women Had High Zika Awareness

FRIDAY, May 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Pregnant women had a high level of awareness about Zika virus during the 2016 outbreak, according to a study published in the May issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of April 27 to May 1, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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COVID-19 Case Fatality Rate Increased for Cancer Patients

FRIDAY, May 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Cancer patients have an increased case fatality rate from COVID-19, according to a study from a New York hospital system published online May 1 in Cancer Discovery.

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Fear of COVID-19 Keeping Adults From Emergency Care

FRIDAY, May 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adults are avoiding emergency medical care for fear of catching COVID-19, according to a poll released April 28 by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP).

ACEP Report

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