Although Chile has one of the lowest birth rates among adolescents within Latin America, it has high quality compared to other developed nations.

This study was done to explore trends in birth rates among adolescents by selected demographics in Chile.

The national trend in birth rates was examined for women. The birth rates for regions and communes were calculated using birth and census data. They were analyzed to determine its relationship to the regional or communal poverty rate obtained from the Casen Survey. Differences in educational attainment were explored among adolescents with first-order and second-order or higher births using the Chi-square test.

There is a positive correlation between poverty and adolescent birth rates within the Metropolitan Region. Among adolescents giving birth, 67% had completed 10–12 years of school at birth.

The study concluded that in Chile, the adolescent birth rate varies significantly among regions and communes. This study found that urban and wealthy areas had lower birth rates than poor and rural ones and that girls with a first-order birth had completed more years of school than girls with higher-order deliveries.

Reference: https://srh.bmj.com/content/43/4/302