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Mechanism of electrocardiographic T-wave flattening in diabetes mellitus: experimental and simulation study.

Mechanism of electrocardiographic T-wave flattening in diabetes mellitus: experimental and simulation study.
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Sedova KA, Azarov JE, Arteyeva NV, Ovechkin AO, Vaykshnorayte MA, Vityazev VA, Bernikova OG, Shmakov DN, Kneppo P,


Sedova KA, Azarov JE, Arteyeva NV, Ovechkin AO, Vaykshnorayte MA, Vityazev VA, Bernikova OG, Shmakov DN, Kneppo P, (click to view)

Sedova KA, Azarov JE, Arteyeva NV, Ovechkin AO, Vaykshnorayte MA, Vityazev VA, Bernikova OG, Shmakov DN, Kneppo P,

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Physiological research 2017 07 18()
Abstract

In the present study we investigated the contribution of ventricular repolarization time (RT) dispersion (the maximal difference in RT) and RT gradients (the differences in RT in apicobasal, anteroposterior and interventricular directions) to T-wave flattening in a setting of experimental diabetes mellitus. In 9 healthy and 11 diabetic (alloxan model) open-chest rabbits, we measured RT in ventricular epicardial electrograms. To specify the contributions of apicobasal, interventricular and anteroposterior RT gradients and RT dispersion to the body surface potentials we determined T-wave voltage differences between modified upper- and lower-chest precordial leads (T-wave amplitude dispersions, TWAD). Expression of RT gradients and RT dispersion in the correspondent TWAD parameters was studied by computer simulations. Diabetic rabbits demonstrated flattened T-waves in precordial leads associated with increased anteroposterior and decreased apicobasal RT gradients (P<0.05) due to RT prolongation at the apex. For diabetics, simulations predicted the preserved T-vector length and altered sagittal and longitudinal TWAD proven by experimental measurements. T-wave flattening in the diabetic rabbits was not due to changes in RT dispersion, but reflected the redistributed ventricular repolarization pattern with prolonged apical repolarization resulting in increased anteroposterior and decreased apicobasal RT gradients.

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