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Medium-term results of ceramic-on-polyethylene Zweymüller-Plus total hip arthroplasty.

Medium-term results of ceramic-on-polyethylene Zweymüller-Plus total hip arthroplasty.
Author Information (click to view)

Li H, Zhang S, Wang XM, Lin JH, Kou BL,


Li H, Zhang S, Wang XM, Lin JH, Kou BL, (click to view)

Li H, Zhang S, Wang XM, Lin JH, Kou BL,

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Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi 2017 03 10() doi 10.12809/hkmj164949
Abstract
INTRODUCTION
The need for better durability and longevity in total hip arthroplasty for patients with various hip joint diseases remains a challenge. This study aimed to obtain medium-term results at a follow-up of >10 years for Zweymüller-Plus total hip arthroplasty with ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing.

METHODS
A retrospective study was conducted to review the results after a minimum of 12.4 years of 207 consecutive total hip arthroplasties in 185 patients in Peking University People’s Hospital in China using the Zweymüller SL-Plus stem in combination with the Bicon-Plus threaded cup and ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing between October 1994 and April 2000.

RESULTS
During the study period, two patients (2 hips) died and 25 patients (28 hips) were lost to follow-up. Two hips were revised for aseptic loosening of the Bicon-Plus cup. The mean clinical and radiological follow-up was 14.1 years (range, 12.4-16.5 years) for the remaining 156 patients (175 hips). The mean (standard deviation) Harris Hip score for the 175 hips increased significantly from 39.3 (3.8) preoperatively to 94.1 (2.5) postoperatively at a mean follow-up of 14.1 years (P<0.05). Focal osteolysis was observed in seven (4.0%) of 175 stems and three (1.7%) of 175 cups. The Kaplan-Meier survival with revision for any reason as the end-point was 99.03% (95% confidence interval, 95%-100%). CONCLUSIONS
The high survival rate of the cementless Zweymüller-Plus system with ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing at mid-term follow-up makes this total hip arthroplasty system reliable for patients with various hip joint diseases.

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