To explore the treatment options for chronic urinary retention (CUR) in men, including treatment-related complications and consequences.
This retrospective cohort study included male patients diagnosed with a non-neurogenic, symptomatic and/or high-risk, CUR >150 mL in a large Dutch non-academic teaching hospital. Data for treatments, complications, and consequences (e.g., diagnostics, additional treatments, and hospital contact) were recorded and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated.
We enrolled 177 patients (median age, 77 years; range, 44-94) with a median follow-up of 68 months (range, 1-319) during which they had a median of 8 events (range, 1-51). Most patients initially received a urethral catheter (74%) and some form of catheterization as their final treatment (87%). Compared with non-surgical cases, catheterization was more likely to be stopped after de-obstructive prostate surgery (IRR, 4.18; p < 0.001). Urinary tract infection (IRR, 3.68; p < 0.001) and macroscopic hematuria (IRR, 5.35; p < 0.001) were more common with catheterization, but post-renal problems were more likely in patients with no catheterization (IRR, 25.36; p < 0.001). The lowest chance of complication was with clean intermittent catheterization, and complications were usually managed in outpatient (77%) or emergency (6%) departments, rather than by admission (17%).
Most patients require catheterization for CUR, with clean intermittent catheterization preferred due to its comparatively lower complication risk. De-obstructive prostate surgery increases the chance of stopping catheterization and may be considered in suitable cases.

Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Inc.