The effects of octadecylamide of alginic acid (amidated alginate) and tetrahydrolipstatin on serum and hepatic cholesterol, and the faecal output of fat and sterols, were investigated in rats. Amidated alginate is a sorbent of lipids, tetrahydrolipstatin is an inhibitor of pancreatic lipase. Rats were fed diets containing cholesterol and palm fat at 10 and 70 g/kg, respectively. Palm fat was provided by coconut meal. Amidated alginate at 40 g/kg diet significantly decreased serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein and hepatic cholesterol, and hepatic lipids and increased the faecal output of fat and coprostanol. Tetrahydrolipstatin at 300 mg/kg diet significantly decreased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hepatic lipids and increased the faecal output of fat. The intake of feed was not significantly influenced; however, the weight gains in rats fed amidated alginate were lower than in rats of the control group. Both amidated alginate and tetrahydrolipstatin modified the fatty acid profile in excreta lipids. Concentrations of saturated fatty acids were decreased and those of unsaturated fatty acids increased. Despite different modes of action, amidated alginate and tetrahydrolipstatin were equally efficient in removing the dietary fat from the body.
About The Expert