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Metabolic parameters in psoriatic patients treated with interleukin-12/23 blockade (ustekinumab).

Metabolic parameters in psoriatic patients treated with interleukin-12/23 blockade (ustekinumab).
Author Information (click to view)

Ng CY, Tzeng IS, Liu SH, Chang YC, Huang YH,


Ng CY, Tzeng IS, Liu SH, Chang YC, Huang YH, (click to view)

Ng CY, Tzeng IS, Liu SH, Chang YC, Huang YH,

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The Journal of dermatology 2017 10 05() doi 10.1111/1346-8138.14079
Abstract

The associations between psoriasis, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular events are increasingly recognized. Studies have shown decreased cardiovascular events with the treatment of methotrexate and anti-tumor necrosis factor, however, effects of interleukin (IL)-12/23 blockade remain debatable. Our study investigated the effect of IL-12/23 blockade on the metabolic parameters in patients with psoriasis. We performed a retrospective cohort study to assess 93 consecutive patients with moderate to severe plaque type psoriasis who received IL-12/23 blockade (ustekinumab) for 24 weeks between January 2012 and May 2016. Metabolic parameters and disease activity (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index [PASI] score) at baseline and 24 weeks of treatment were collected. At week 24, the disease activity improved significantly (P < 0.0001), with a significant reduction of erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Conversely, body mass index was significantly elevated in PASI-75 responders at week 24 of treatment and was independent of disease severity. Fasting sugar and triglyceride levels were also elevated at week 24 in both PASI-75 responders and PASI-75 non-responders. Cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) remained unchanged. These metabolic parameters were not correlated with the improvement in disease severity after ustekinumab treatment. Nonetheless, the atherogenic index, LDL/HDL ratio and cholesterol/HDL ratio remained unchanged. Male sex and cigarette smoking are predictors of elevated plasma triglyceride levels. Our results suggest that despite tremendous improvement in disease activity after ustekinumab treatment, obesity, fasting sugar and hypertriglyceridemia still present in these patients. Regular screening of lipid profile, obesity control and smoking cessation are advised during the treatment of ustekinumab especially in male psoriatic patients with predisposing cardiovascular risks.

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