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MicroRNA‑497 inhibits cellular proliferation, migration and invasion of papillary thyroid cancer by directly targeting AKT3.

MicroRNA‑497 inhibits cellular proliferation, migration and invasion of papillary thyroid cancer by directly targeting AKT3.
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Zhuang J, Ye Y, Wang G, Ni J, He S, Hu C, Xia W, Lv Z,


Zhuang J, Ye Y, Wang G, Ni J, He S, Hu C, Xia W, Lv Z, (click to view)

Zhuang J, Ye Y, Wang G, Ni J, He S, Hu C, Xia W, Lv Z,

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Molecular medicine reports 2017 08 2416(5) 5815-5822 doi 10.3892/mmr.2017.7345

Abstract

Thyroid cancer is the most common tumor of the endocrine organs. Emerging studies have indicated the critical roles of microRNAs (miRs) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) formation and progression through function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. The present study investigated the expression level and biological roles of miR‑497 in PTC and its underlying mechanisms. It was demonstrated that the expression level of miR‑497 was reduced in both PTC tissues and cell lines. Enforced expression of miR‑497 suppressed PTC cell proliferation, migration and invasion. According to bioinformatics analysis, a luciferase reporter assay, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, RAC‑γ serine/threonine‑protein kinase (AKT3) was demonstrated to be the direct target gene of miR‑497. In addition, AKT3 expression increased in PTC tissues and negatively correlated with miR‑497 expression. Furthermore, downregulation of AKT3 also suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion of PTC, which had similar roles to miR‑497 overexpression in PTC cells. Taken together, these results suggested that this newly identified miR‑497/AKT3 signaling pathway may contribute to PTC occurrence and progression. These findings provide novel potential therapeutic targets for the therapy of PTC.

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