Chondrocyte degeneration is the main cause of osteoarthritis (OA) and increased evidence suggests that miRNAs could have vital roles in the pathology of various cartilage illnesses. miR-1236 has been found to contribute to inflammation in diseases such as pneumonia. However, the exact role of miR-1236 in OA is poorly understood.
H&E staining and saffron fixation experiments were employed to determine OA tissues. qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression levels of miR-1236 and PIK3R3. Western blot was performed to detect the expression levels of proteins. Luciferase reporter assays were utilized to investigate the interaction between miR-1236 and PIK3R3. Cell counting assays and AO/EB were used to quantify cell growth and apoptosis.
miR-1236 was up-regulated in OA knee cartilage compared to normal cartilage. Up-regulated expression of miR-1236 suppressed cell proliferation as well as induced apoptosis in chondrocytes. Bioinformatics identified PIK3R3 as a target of miR-1236. Co-transfection with miR-1236 and PIK3R3 could reverse cell apoptosis induced by the miR-1236 mimic.
These data enhance our understanding on the role of miR-1236 in OA and identifies miR-1236 as a potential biomarker or possible treatment target within OA.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.