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MicroRNA-223 and microRNA-21 in peripheral blood B cells associated with progression of primary biliary cholangitis patients.

MicroRNA-223 and microRNA-21 in peripheral blood B cells associated with progression of primary biliary cholangitis patients.
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Wang X, Wen X, Zhou J, Qi Y, Wu R, Wang Y, Kui Y, Hua R, Jin Q,


Wang X, Wen X, Zhou J, Qi Y, Wu R, Wang Y, Kui Y, Hua R, Jin Q, (click to view)

Wang X, Wen X, Zhou J, Qi Y, Wu R, Wang Y, Kui Y, Hua R, Jin Q,

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PloS one 2017 09 0812(9) e0184292 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0184292
Abstract

Recently, there is ample evidence suggesting the important role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in autoimmune diseases via modulating B cells function. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a progressive immune-mediated liver disease with unclear pathogenic mechanism. Whether the miRNA in peripheral B cells of PBC involve the mechanisms of pathology and progression is not known. The present study explores miRNA deregulation in peripheral B-cell of PBC from stage I to IV and healthy controls. Peripheral B cells were obtained from 72 PBC patients (stage I, n = 17; stage II, n = 23; stage III, n = 16; stage IV, n = 16) and 15 healthy controls. Initially, in a discovery study, miRNA array analysis was performed, subsequently, in a validation study, quantitative PCR was used to investigate miRNA expression profile in B cells of PBS patients compared to healthy controls. Based on bioinformatics analysis, we identified the potential biological processes and significant signaling pathways affected by these microRNAs, and generated the microRNA-gene network. The discovery study identified 558 miRNAs differentially expressed in B cells of PBC patients compared to controls. Interestingly, among all differentially expressed miRNAs, hsa-miR-223-3p and hsa-miR-21-5p were the only miRNAs that showed consistent and significant down-regulation from stage I to stage III of PBC. Bioinformatics showed that potential target genes of both miRNAs involved in migration, cell differentiation, apoptosis, and signal transduction pathways. In conclusion, our results suggest that the expression profiles of miRNA in peripheral B cells of PBC patients are closely associated with the disease progression, especially the down-regulation of hsa-miR-223-3p and hsa-miR-21-5p. Taken together, our study offers novel perspectives on the role of miRNAs in PBC pathogenesis.

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