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microRNA-338-3p inhibits proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT in osteosarcoma cells by targeting activator of 90 kDa heat shock protein ATPase homolog 1.

microRNA-338-3p inhibits proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT in osteosarcoma cells by targeting activator of 90 kDa heat shock protein ATPase homolog 1.
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Cao R, Shao J, Hu Y, Wang L, Li Z, Sun G, Gao X,


Cao R, Shao J, Hu Y, Wang L, Li Z, Sun G, Gao X, (click to view)

Cao R, Shao J, Hu Y, Wang L, Li Z, Sun G, Gao X,

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Cancer cell international 2018 04 0218() 49 doi 10.1186/s12935-018-0551-x

Abstract
Background
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a rare, malignant bone tumor that primarily affects adolescents and has a high degree of malignancy and high incidence of recurrence and metastasis. Our study aimed to explore the role of miR-338-3p in OS cells.

Methods
qRT-qPCR was performed to quantify miR-338-3p expression levels in OS tissue samples and in three common OS cell lines. MG-63 and Saos2 cells were separately transfected with miR-338-3p or NC mimics and miR-338-3p expression levels was determined by qRT-PCR. Cell proliferation was monitored using the Cell Counting Kit-8. Flow cytometer analysis was carried out to determine the distribution of cell cycle stages and apoptosis. Transwell assay was performed to measure the migratory and invasive capacities of MG-63 and Saos2 cells. The expression of Vimentin and E-cadherin was detected by western blot. Luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR and western blotting were performed to confirm the target of miR-338-3p.

Results
Analysis by qRT-PCR revealed that miR-338-3p was downregulated in the tissue samples of 20 OS patients when compared with that in their matched adjacent non-tumor tissues. Furthermore, miR-338-3p was significantly downregulated in three common OS cell lines, namely, MG-63, Saos2, and HOS, when compared with that in the human osteoblast cell line hFOB1.19. Analysis by luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and western blotting revealed that activator of 90 kDa heat shock protein ATPase homolog 1 (AHSA1) is a direct target of miR-338-3p. miR-338-3p overexpression led to significant reduction in AHSA1 protein levels in MG63 and Saos2 cells. miR-338-3p overexpression reduced cell viability and migration and invasion behavior of MG63 and Saos2 cells. In addition, miR-338-3p overexpression suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), induced a significant G1-phase arrest and did not affect the apoptosis in both MG-63 and Saos2 cells. Moreover, overexpression of AHSA1 reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-338-3p overexpression on proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, EMT, migration, and invasion of MG63 and Saos2 cells, thereby suggesting that miR-338-3p acts as a tumor suppressor in OS cells by targeting AHSA1.

Conclusions
miR-338-3p/AHSA1 can serve as a potential therapeutic target for OS therapy.

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