Cancer cell international 2018 04 0218() 49 doi 10.1186/s12935-018-0551-x
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a rare, malignant bone tumor that primarily affects adolescents and has a high degree of malignancy and high incidence of recurrence and metastasis. Our study aimed to explore the role of miR-338-3p in OS cells.
qRT-qPCR was performed to quantify miR-338-3p expression levels in OS tissue samples and in three common OS cell lines. MG-63 and Saos2 cells were separately transfected with miR-338-3p or NC mimics and miR-338-3p expression levels was determined by qRT-PCR. Cell proliferation was monitored using the Cell Counting Kit-8. Flow cytometer analysis was carried out to determine the distribution of cell cycle stages and apoptosis. Transwell assay was performed to measure the migratory and invasive capacities of MG-63 and Saos2 cells. The expression of Vimentin and E-cadherin was detected by western blot. Luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR and western blotting were performed to confirm the target of miR-338-3p.
Analysis by qRT-PCR revealed that miR-338-3p was downregulated in the tissue samples of 20 OS patients when compared with that in their matched adjacent non-tumor tissues. Furthermore, miR-338-3p was significantly downregulated in three common OS cell lines, namely, MG-63, Saos2, and HOS, when compared with that in the human osteoblast cell line hFOB1.19. Analysis by luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and western blotting revealed that activator of 90 kDa heat shock protein ATPase homolog 1 (AHSA1) is a direct target of miR-338-3p. miR-338-3p overexpression led to significant reduction in AHSA1 protein levels in MG63 and Saos2 cells. miR-338-3p overexpression reduced cell viability and migration and invasion behavior of MG63 and Saos2 cells. In addition, miR-338-3p overexpression suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), induced a significant G1-phase arrest and did not affect the apoptosis in both MG-63 and Saos2 cells. Moreover, overexpression of AHSA1 reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-338-3p overexpression on proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, EMT, migration, and invasion of MG63 and Saos2 cells, thereby suggesting that miR-338-3p acts as a tumor suppressor in OS cells by targeting AHSA1.
miR-338-3p/AHSA1 can serve as a potential therapeutic target for OS therapy.