To explore the influences of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-204 on the rats with diabetic retinopathy by regulating the expressions of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1).
A total of 36 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into normal group (n=12), model group (n=12), and miR-204 mimics group (n=12). No treatment was performed in the normal group, the diabetic retinopathy model was established in model group, and miR-204 mimics were administered for intervention after modeling in the inhibitor group. After 7 d, materials were sampled for detection. The expressions of Bcl-2 and SIRT1 were detected via immunohistochemistry, and their relative protein expression levels were determined via Western blotting (WB). Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) was performed to detect the expression of miR-204, and the content of inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Finally, cell apoptosis was evaluated via terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL).
Immunohistochemistry results showed that the positive expression levels of Bcl-2 and SIRT1 were substantially lower in the model and miR-204 mimics groups than those in the normal group (p<0.05), and their positive expression levels in miR-204 mimics group were notably higher than those in model group (p<0.05). According to Western blot (WB) results, the relative protein expression levels of Bcl-2 and SIRT1 markedly declined in the other two groups compared with those in the normal group (p<0.05), while miR-204 mimics group exhibited remarkably higher relative protein expression levels of Bcl-2 and SIRT1 than the model group (p<0.05). The results of qPCR revealed that the relative expression level of miR-204 was markedly lowered in model and miR-204 mimics groups compared with that in the normal group (p<0.05), and its relative expression level in miR-204 mimics group was remarkably higher than that in the model group. It was found through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that compared with normal group, the other two groups had substantially increased content of IL-6, IL-18, and TNF-α (p<0.05), and the content of IL-6, IL-18, and TNF-α in miR-204 mimics group was markedly lower than that in the model group (p<0.05). According to TUNEL results, the apoptosis rate of cells rose substantially in the other two groups compared with that in the normal group (p<0.05), while was notably lower in the miR-204 mimics group than that in the model group (p<0.05).
MiR-204 up-regulates Bcl-2 and SIRT1 expressions to inhibit the inflammation and cell apoptosis in rats with diabetic retinopathy.