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MiR-23-TrxR1 as a novel molecular axis in skeletal muscle differentiation.

MiR-23-TrxR1 as a novel molecular axis in skeletal muscle differentiation.
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Mercatelli N, Fittipaldi S, De Paola E, Dimauro I, Paronetto MP, Jackson MJ, Caporossi D,


Mercatelli N, Fittipaldi S, De Paola E, Dimauro I, Paronetto MP, Jackson MJ, Caporossi D, (click to view)

Mercatelli N, Fittipaldi S, De Paola E, Dimauro I, Paronetto MP, Jackson MJ, Caporossi D,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 037(1) 7219 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-07575-0
Abstract

Thioredoxin reductase 1 (TrxR1) is a selenocysteine-containing protein involved in cellular redox homeostasis which is downregulated in skeletal muscle differentiation. Here we show that TrxR1 decrease occurring during myogenesis is functionally involved in the coordination of this cellular process. Indeed, TrxR1 depletion reduces myoblasts growth by inducing an early myogenesis -related gene expression pattern which includes myogenin and Myf5 up-regulation and Cyclin D1 decrease. On the contrary, the overexpression of TrxR1 during differentiation delays myogenic process, by negatively affecting the expression of Myogenin and MyHC. Moreover, we found that miR-23a and miR-23b – whose expression was increased in the early stage of C2C12 differentiation – are involved in the regulation of TrxR1 expression through their direct binding to the 3′ UTR of TrxR1 mRNA. Interestingly, the forced inhibition of miR-23a and miR-23b during C2C12 differentiation partially rescues TrxR1 levels and delays the expression of myogenic markers, suggesting the involvement of miR-23 in myogenesis via TrxR1 repression. Taken together, our results depict for the first time a novel molecular axis, which functionally acts in skeletal muscle differentiation through the modulation of TrxR1 by miR-23.

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