This is a cross-sectional population-based study including young adults aged 18-24 years old. Information about participants’ age, sex, self-reported skin color and study status were obtained using a sociodemographic questionnaire. Mixed, (hypo)manic and depressive episodes, as well as suicide risk were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.
The sample included 1560 individuals. Young adults in a mixed episode showed a 13.50 times higher probability to have suicide risk, as compared to community controls (p < 0.001), 5.67 higher probability to have suicide risk as compared to individuals in a (hypo)manic episode (p < 0.001), and 2.18 times higher probability to have suicide risk as compared to young adults in a depressive episode (p < 0.001).
The assessment of suicide risk includes both suicide attempts and ideation.
Young adults in a mixed episode showed a higher rate of suicide risk than individuals with depression or mania/hypomania. Considering the already increasing prevalence of suicide among young adults, there is an urgent need for the early diagnosis and treatment of mixed episodes in this specific population.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.