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Mn(2+)-ZnSe/ZnS@SiO₂ Nanoparticles for Turn-on Luminescence Thiol Detection.

Mn(2+)-ZnSe/ZnS@SiO₂ Nanoparticles for Turn-on Luminescence Thiol Detection.
Author Information (click to view)

Yazdanparast MS, Jeffries WR, Gray ER, McLaurin EJ,


Yazdanparast MS, Jeffries WR, Gray ER, McLaurin EJ, (click to view)

Yazdanparast MS, Jeffries WR, Gray ER, McLaurin EJ,

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Journal of functional biomaterials 2017 08 238(3) pii E36
Abstract

Biological thiols are antioxidants essential for the prevention of disease. For example, low levels of the tripeptide glutathione are associated with heart disease, cancer, and dementia. Mn(2+)-doped wide bandgap semiconductor nanocrystals exhibit luminescence and magnetic properties that make them attractive for bimodal imaging. We found that these nanocrystals and silica-encapsulated nanoparticle derivatives exhibit enhanced luminescence in the presence of thiols in both organic solvent and aqueous solution. The key to using these nanocrystals as sensors is control over their surfaces. The addition of a ZnS barrier layer or shell produces more stable nanocrystals that are isolated from their surroundings, and luminescence enhancement is only observed with thinner, intermediate shells. Tunability is demonstrated with dodecanethiol and sensitivities decrease with thin, medium, and thick shells. Turn-on nanoprobe luminescence is also generated by several biological thiols, including glutathione, N-acetylcysteine, cysteine, and dithiothreitol. Nanoparticles prepared with different ZnS shell thicknesses demonstrated varying sensitivity to glutathione, which allows for the tuning of particle sensitivity without optimization. The small photoluminescence response to control amino acids and salts indicates selectivity for thiols. Preliminary magnetic measurements highlight the challenge of optimizing sensors for different imaging modalities. In this work, we assess the prospects of using these nanoparticles as luminescent turn-on thiol sensors and for MRI.

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