The Journal of general virology 2017 08 15() doi 10.1099/jgv.0.000897
Infectivity of the mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV) is inhibited by mouse APOBEC3 (mA3) which is efficiently packaged into virions. As the inhibition is only partial, the virus can replicate in tissues expressing mA3 and complete its replication cycle. Here, we have examined the sensitivity of MMTV to inhibition by a human orthologue of mA3, A3G. We report that the virus containing A3G is only moderately susceptible to inhibition by the human factor. Whereas the vif-deficient HIV-1 vector produced in human epithelial cells expressing endogenous levels of A3G was efficiently inhibited, an MMTV vector remained fully infectious. Greater A3G expression levels were necessary to restrict infectivity of MMTV, but only when the factor retained its deaminase activity. Furthermore, the spreading kinetic of a replication competent MMTV was only moderately accelerated in cells with downmodulated A3G expression. These data suggest that MMTV has evolved a mechanism to neutralize antiviral activity of APOBEC3 proteins.