We recently identified the 4-pyridinone-benzisothiazole carboxamide compound 1C8 as displaying strong anti-HIV-1 potency against a variety of clinical strains in vitro Here we show that 1C8 decreases the expression of HIV-1 and alters splicing events involved in the production of HIV-1 mRNAs. Although 1C8 was designed to be a structural mimic of the fused tetracyclic indole compound IDC16 that targets SRSF1, it did not affect the splice site shifting activity of SRSF1. Instead, 1C8 altered splicing regulation mediated by SRSF10. Depleting SRSF10 by RNA interference affected viral splicing and, like 1C8, decreased expression of Tat, Gag and Env. Incubating cells with 1C8 promoted the dephosphorylation of SRSF10 and increased its interaction with hTra2β, a protein previously implicated in the control of HIV-1 RNA splicing. While 1C8 affects the alternative splicing of cellular transcripts controlled by SRSF10 and hTra2β, concentrations greater than those needed to inhibit HIV-1 replication were required to elicit significant alterations. Thus, the ability of 1C8 to alter the SRSF10-dependent splicing of HIV-1 transcripts, with minor effects on cellular splicing, supports the view that SRSF10 may be used as a target for the development of new anti-viral agents.
Modulation of the splicing regulatory function of SRSF10 by a novel compound that impairs HIV-1 replication.