Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita 29(4) 264-272 doi 10.7416/ai.2017.2154
Recently, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has increasingly been reported as an important nosocomial opportunistic pathogen. Limited therapeutic options of S. maltophilia infections demand early identification and knowledge about the probable risk factors for controlling its spread.
The present study aimed to investigate the risk factors and trend of antibiotic susceptibility, along with genetic analysis in bacteraemia cases at pediatric intensive care units (PICUs).
A total of 16 S. maltophilia isolates were obtained, during 4 months from August to November 2015, from blood cultures of patients admitted to PICUs at Nemazee teaching hospital, Shiraz, Iran. S. maltophilia isolates were identified by conventional tests and confirmed by specific PCR primers. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by the MIC strip test as described by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute’s (CLSI) recommendation. The genetic relatedness among the isolates was assessed by ERIC-PCR.
All isolates of S. maltophilia were susceptible to ciprofloxacin, co-trimoxazole and colistin, and only 1 (6.2%) isolate was resistant against ceftazidime. The MIC50/MIC90 of ciprofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, colistin and ceftazidime was 0.25/0.38 mg/mL, 0.125/0.19 mg/mL, 0.25/0.38 mg/mL, and 2/4 mg/mL, respectively. Genotypic analysis of ERIC-PCR results revealed two distinct types of pattern. Interestingly, the only ceftazidime resistant isolate showed different patterns with other isolates.
Our findings indicated the importance of routine surveillance in infection control, since early detection of pathogens prevented the spread of nosocomial infections and granted effectiveness to care practices. Moreover, the results suggest that the routine drug of choice for S. maltophilia was mostly active against clinical isolates in our region.