Wastewater-based surveillance can be a valuable tool to monitor viral circulation and serve as an early warning system. For respiratory viruses that share similar clinical symptoms, namely SARS-CoV-2, influenza, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), identification in wastewater may allow differentiation between seasonal outbreaks and COVID-19 peaks. In this study, to monitor these viruses as well as standard indicators of fecal contamination, a weekly sampling campaign was carried out for 15 months (from September 2021 to November 2022) in two wastewater treatment plants that serve the entire population of Barcelona (Spain). Samples were concentrated by the aluminum hydroxide adsorption-precipitation method and then analyzed by RNA extraction and RT-qPCR. All samples were positive for SARS-CoV-2, while the positivity rates for influenza virus and RSV were significantly lower (10.65 % for influenza A (IAV), 0.82 % for influenza B (IBV), 37.70 % for RSV-A and 34.43 % for RSV-B). Gene copy concentrations of SARS-CoV-2 were often approximately 1 to 2 logarithmic units higher compared to the other respiratory viruses. Clear peaks of IAV H3:N2 in February and March 2022 and RSV in winter 2021 were observed, which matched the chronological incidence of infections recorded in the Catalan Government clinical database. In conclusion, the data obtained from wastewater surveillance provided new information on the abundance of respiratory viruses in the Barcelona area and correlated favorably with clinical data.Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.