Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 2016 Nov 11() pii 1076029616677803
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) is increasingly being implicated in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, no study has attempted to determine the role of MHR in cardiovascular morbidity of patients with OSAS. We aimed to investigate the association between MHR and CVD in patients with OSAS and the relationship between severity of OSAS, polysomnographic parameters, and MHR.
In this cohort study, patients who had undergone a full-night polysomnography for the diagnosis of OSAS were recruited. Included patients were grouped according to the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) as mild (5-15), moderate (15-30), and severe (>30) OSAS. Patients with AHI < 5 served as the control group. The presence of heart failure, coronary artery disease, or arrhythmia was defined as CVD. RESULTS
A total of 1050 patients were included (131 controls, 222 mild, 228 moderate, and 469 severe OSAS). The severe group had higher MHR compared with the control and other OSAS groups (9.99, 12.11, 13.65, and 20.67 in control, mild, moderate, and severe OSAS groups, respectively, P < .001). The MHRs were significantly correlated with AHI, oxygen desaturation index, and minimum O2 saturation values (P < .001). Values of MHR were significantly higher in patients with CVD compared with those without (P < .001). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that MHR is an independent predictor of CVD. CONCLUSION
The MHR is strongly associated with CVD and the severity of OSAS and might be used as a biomarker to predict CVD in patients with OSAS.