We conducted a retrospective multi-institutional study of all patients with PC of colorectal or appendiceal origin treated with CRS-HIPEC using MMC or oxaliplatin from 2010 to 2015. Demographic, perioperative, morbidity, toxicity and cost data were compared between the 2 treatment groups and between cancer-origin subgroups.
Forty-two patients treated with MMC and 76 treated with oxaliplatin were included in the study. Baseline demographic and tumour characteristics were comparable in the 2 groups, except that the patients treated with MMC had higher Charlson Comorbidity Index scores. The MMC group had a higher rate of cancer of colorectal origin (76.2% v. 57.9%, p = 0.047) and longer operative times (553 v. 320 min, p < 0.001). In the subgroup of patients whose cancer was of colorectal origin, patients treated with MMC had a higher transfusion rate (50.0% v. 28.6%, p = 0.023) and lower postoperative baseline hemoglobin level (100 v. 119 g/L, p = 0.002) than those treated with oxaliplatin. There was no difference in hematologic toxicity scores after controlling for postoperative anemia. There was no difference in the rates of major complications and 90-day mortality. However, MMC was less costly than oxaliplatin ($724 v. $8928).
MMC and oxaliplatin are both suitable agents for HIPEC and are associated with comparable morbidity and toxicity profiles, regardless of cancer origin. Thus, we propose that cost-effectiveness should ultimately dictate drug selection.
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