Ternary nanocomposites, including graphene oxide (GO), hydroxyapatite (HAP), and cadmium selenite (CdSe) have been encapsulated into nanofibrous scaffolds of polylactic acid. These compositions were indexed as HAP@PLA (C1), CdSe@PLA (C2), HAP/CdSe@PLA (C3), HAP/GO@PLA (C4), and HAP/CdSe/GO@PLA (C5). Structural confirmation is executed by XRD and XPS techniques, while FESEM performs morphological characteristics. CdSe and GO dopants cause a significant increase in nanofiber diameter, HAP/GO@PLA (C4), showing thin surface fibers with fiber diameter up to 3.1 μm, followed by HAP/CdSe/GO@PLA (C4) composite that belongs to filament size up to 2.1 μm. On the other hand, the mechanical properties reveal that the dual dopant composites HAP/CdSe@PLA (C3) and HAP/GO@PLA (C4) hit the maximum tensile fracture values with 1.49 ± 0.3 and 0.99 ± 0.2 MPa. Further, the ternary C5 composite represents the lowest contact angle of 86.1 ± 3.7°. The antibacterial activity increased from 32.4 ± 9.7 and 28.4 ± 6.5% to be 85.3 ± 4.6 and 88.1 ± 5.6% for C1 and C5, respectively, against both E. coli and S. aureus in dark conditions. Moreover, the antibacterial potency enhanced from 75.4 ± 7.6 to be 83.5 ± 6.5 from dark to light conditions against E. coli for the composition of PLA containing the binary composition of HAP/CdSe.
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