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Movement Variability Increases With Shoulder Pain When Compensatory Strategies of the Upper Body Are Constrained.

Movement Variability Increases With Shoulder Pain When Compensatory Strategies of the Upper Body Are Constrained.
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López-Pascual J, Page Á, Serra-Añó P,


López-Pascual J, Page Á, Serra-Añó P, (click to view)

López-Pascual J, Page Á, Serra-Añó P,

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Journal of motor behavior 2017 10 13() 1-7 doi 10.1080/00222895.2017.1371109
Abstract

This cross-sectional study analyzed the influence of chronic shoulder pain (CSP) on movement variability/kinematics during humeral elevation, with the trunk and elbow motions constrained to avoid compensatory strategies. For this purpose, 37 volunteers with CSP as the injured group (IG) and 58 participants with asymptomatic shoulders as the control group (CG) participated in the study. Maximum humeral elevation (Emax), maximum angular velocity (Velmax), variability of the maximum angle (CVEmax), functional variability (Func_var), and approximate entropy (ApEn) were calculated from the kinematic data. Patients’ pain was measured on the visual analogue scale (VAS). Compared with the CG, the IG presented lower Emax and Velmax and higher variability (i.e., CVEmax, Func_var, and ApEn). Moderate correlations were achieved for the VAS score and the kinematic variables Emax, Velmax and variability of curve analysis, Func_varm, and ApEn. No significant correlation was found for CVEmax. In conclusion, CSP results in a decrease of angle and velocity and an increased shoulder movement variability when the neuromuscular system cannot use compensatory strategies to avoid painful positions.

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