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Multi-level differential network analysis of COPD exacerbations.

Multi-level differential network analysis of COPD exacerbations.
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Noell G, Cosío BG, Faner R, Monsó E, Peces-Barba G, de Diego A, Esteban C, Gea J, Rodriguez-Roisin R, Garcia-Nuñez M, Pozo-Rodriguez F, Kalko SG, Agustí A,


Noell G, Cosío BG, Faner R, Monsó E, Peces-Barba G, de Diego A, Esteban C, Gea J, Rodriguez-Roisin R, Garcia-Nuñez M, Pozo-Rodriguez F, Kalko SG, Agustí A, (click to view)

Noell G, Cosío BG, Faner R, Monsó E, Peces-Barba G, de Diego A, Esteban C, Gea J, Rodriguez-Roisin R, Garcia-Nuñez M, Pozo-Rodriguez F, Kalko SG, Agustí A,

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The European respiratory journal 2017 09 2750(3) pii 1700075
Abstract

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often suffer episodes of exacerbation (ECOPD) that impact negatively the course of their disease. ECOPD are heterogeneous events of unclear pathobiology and non-specific diagnosis. Network analysis is a novel research approach that can help unravelling complex biological systems. We hypothesised that the comparison of multi-level (i.e., clinical, physiological, biological, imaging and microbiological) correlation networks determined during ECOPD and convalescence can yield novel patho-biologic information.In this proof-of-concept study we included 86 patients hospitalised because of ECOPD in a multicentre study in Spain. Patients were extensively characterised both during the first 72 h of hospitalisation and during clinical stability, at least 3 months after hospital discharge.We found that 1) episodes of ECOPD are characterised by disruption of the network correlation observed during convalescence; and 2) a panel of biomarkers that include increased levels of dyspnoea, circulating neutrophils and C-reactive protein (CRP) has a high predictive value for ECOPD diagnosis (AUC 0.97).We conclude that ECOPD 1) are characterised by disruption of network homeokinesis that exists during convalescence; and 2) can be identified objectively by using a panel of three biomarkers (dyspnoea, circulating neutrophils and CRP levels) frequently determined in clinical practice.

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