The long-acting somatostatin analog lanreotide autogel is effective in the treatment of patients with neuroendocrine tumors.
To evaluate the long-term treatment response in patients with neuroendocrine tumors receiving lanreotide autogel in routine clinical practice.
Non-interventional, 24-month study in patients with neuroendocrine tumors treated with lanreotide autogel (NCT01840449).
Patients (n=80) from 26 centers in Germany and Austria were enrolled. Neuroendocrine tumors were mainly grade 1/2, metastasized, intestinal, and associated with carcinoid syndrome; 88.9% had received previous neuroendocrine tumor treatment. Of those, 84.4% had previous surgery, 18.7% had received octreotide. The primary endpoint, defined by a <50% chromogranin A increase at month 12 compared with the lowest value between baseline and month 3 was achieved by 89.5% patients. Stable disease according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 was observed in 76.9 and 75.0% patients at months 12 and 24 of lanreotide treatment, respectively. Mean change of chromogranin A levels from baseline to month 24 was -0.12 × upper limit of normal (95% CI, -0.22; -0.45). In a post hoc analysis, 38.5% of the subgroup of patients with carcinoid syndrome had daily diarrhea at baseline vs. 21.4% at month 24. At baseline, 27.8% of patients received lanreotide 120 mg every 4 weeks vs. 56.7% at month 24. Quality of life data were heterogeneous. No new safety issues arose and/or required further investigation.
Our study reflects routine lanreotide autogel use in patients with advanced/metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. This analysis shows effectiveness with stabilization of disease-related symptoms and good tolerability of lanreotide autogel in clinical practice.

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