Aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) has been widely used in the treatment of condyloma acuminatum (CA), but there is a lack of reports on clinical factors related to CA relapse after photodynamic therapy.
The clinical data of patients with CA treated with ALA-PDT from April 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including HPV type, follow-up time and recurrence within 6 months after treatment. The patients were classified into single-type HPV infection and multiple-type HPV infection groups. Besides, the patients were also classified into high-risk HPV infection, low-risk HPV infection, and low + high-risk HPV infection groups. Univariate and multivariate COX regression was performed to analyze whether HPV type was related with CA relapse after photodynamic therapy.
A total of 161 CA patients who underwent ALA-PDT were analyzed in this study. CA recurred in 20 patients within 6 months after treatment, with a recurrence rate of 12.4%. Of them, the patients with multiple-type HPV infection made up 85%. Multivariate COX regression analysis revealed that multiple-type HPV infection was associated with CA recurrence (HR:5.0; 95% CI: 1.1-21.4; P = 0.032). Of the patients with CA recurrence, 70% developed low + high-risk infections, a proportion significantly higher than that in patients without CA relapse (16.3%, P < 0.001). Using low-risk infection as a reference, low + high-risk infection was positively correlated with postoperative recurrence (HR: 6.7; 95% CI: 1.6-26.2; P = 0.006).
Multiple-type HPV infection was closely associated with CA recurrence after photodynamic therapy.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.