All participants were evaluated at Juntendo University from November 2017 to January 2019.
We enrolled female patients who had been clinically diagnosed with FM (N = 23).
All participants listened to Mozart’s Duo for Violin and Viola No. 1, K. 423, in a quiet room for 17 minutes. We compared the degree of pain using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and the numeric rating scale before and after listening to music.
Pain scores were significantly reduced after listening to music. Further, we observed there was a significant difference in connectivity between the right insular cortex (IC) and posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus (PCu) before and after listening to music. We also found that the difference between the right IC-PCu connectivity and the difference in pain scores were significantly correlated.
We found that a short period of music intervention reduced chronic pain and altered functional IC-default mode network connectivity. Furthermore, music potentially normalized the neural network via IC-default mode network connectivity, yielding temporary pain relief in patients with FM. Further longitudinal studies with larger sample sizes are required to confirm these results.
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