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Mutation of the Slt2 ortholog from Cryphonectria parasitica results in abnormal cell wall integrity and sectorization with impaired pathogenicity.

Mutation of the Slt2 ortholog from Cryphonectria parasitica results in abnormal cell wall integrity and sectorization with impaired pathogenicity.
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So KK, Ko YH, Chun J, Kim JM, Kim DH,


So KK, Ko YH, Chun J, Kim JM, Kim DH, (click to view)

So KK, Ko YH, Chun J, Kim JM, Kim DH,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 227(1) 9038 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-09383-y
Abstract

We assessed the biological function of CpSlt2, an ortholog of the cell wall integrity (CWI) MAPK of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica. The CpSlt2-null mutant exhibited marked changes in colonial growth, near absence of conidiation and aerial hyphae, and abnormal pigmentation. In addition, the CpSlt2-null mutant exhibited CWI-related phenotypic defects including hypersensitivity to cell wall-disturbing agents and other stresses. Electron microscopy revealed the presence of abnormal hyphae such as intrahyphal hyphae. In addition, virulence assays indicated that the CpSlt2 gene plays an important role in fungal pathogenesis. As cultivation of the mutant strains progressed, the majority of the colonies showed sporadic sectorization and mycelia from the sectored area stably maintained the sectored phenotype. Although mycelial growth was partially recovered, the sectored progeny had dramatically impaired virulence, confirming the CpSlt2 gene has a role in pathogenicity. Compared to a previous mutant of the CpBck1 gene, a MAPKKK gene in CWI pathway, the CpSlt2-null mutant showed similar, although not identical, phenotypic changes and most phenotypic changes were less severe than those of the CpBck1-null mutant. These results suggest that the unique sectorization is CWI pathway-specific, though the components in the same CWI pathway have common and specific functions.

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