Migraine is a primary headache disorder. Studies have shown that 93% of people with migraine have an increased number of active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs).
To examine the effects of the IC-MTrPs therapy on: (1) mechanical properties of the upper trapezius muscle (UTM), (2) shoulder girdle and neck (SGN) muscles pain and (3) headaches characteristics in episodic migraine patients without aura.
Thirty-one adult, female, migraine patients without aura underwent seven Ischemic Compression Myofascial Trigger Points (IC-MTrPs) therapy sessions and were tested during maximally five measurement sessions (pre- and post-1’st, post-4’th, post-7’th therapy and 1-month follow-up). Myotonometric measurements of the UTM’s tone, stiffness and elasticity, subjective SGN muscles pain, as well as headache’s level, frequency and duration were analyzed.
Myotonometric tone and stiffness of the UTM significantly decreased in post-1’st, post-4’th therapy and in 1-month follow-up measurements versus pre-1’st therapy testing session. The scores for the SGN muscles’ pain significantly decreased: (i) in post-4’th and post-7’th therapy versus post-1’st therapy session, and (ii) in post-7’th versus post-4’th therapy measurements. Headache’s level, frequency and duration significantly decreased in post-7’th therapy versus pre-1’st therapy measurement session.
IC-MTrPs therapy resulted in a decrease of upper trapezius muscle tone and stiffness, with simultaneous alleviation of shoulder girdle and neck muscle pain and the headaches characteristics in episodic migraine patients without aura.