6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is a neurotoxin that inhibits the mitochondrial complex I causing mitochondrial impairment, aetiology of Parkinson’s. Naringenin is a flavanone predominantly present in citrus fruits. Due to its high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential, it has been widely studied against various disorders. In this study, the neuroprotective effect of naringenin was determined against 6-OHDA induced toxicity with Levodopa (l-DOPA) as the standard. Naringenin reduced 6-OHDA induced oxidative stress biomarker levels such as CAT, GSH, SOD, and ROS. Naringenin rescued 6-OHDA induced reduction of the mitochondrial membrane potential. Treatment with naringenin improved the locomotion of the 6-OHDA treated zebrafish larvae which showed stagnant swimming patterns. Naringenin was also found to downregulate the expression of some Parkinsonian genes such as casp9, lrrk2, and polg and upregulate pink1. These studies attribute to naringenin as a viable molecule to study further for its neuroprotective effects against 6-OHDA induced neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

References

PubMed